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Argumentative Essay: Video games, beneficial or detrimental? Extracts from this document. Video Games Beneficial or Hazardous Video games have been a growing phenomenon since the mid 1980's. With the reflective format vast improvements in technology the video gaming industry had evolved from simple two dimensional games to realist, fast paced, life like experiences. Howard Essay? Along with it's growth there has been an ongoing discussion of essay writing format, whether video games are beneficial or hazardous to children and adolescents. Some are of the view that video games are indeed hazardous because they are meaningless times wasters that encourage anti-social behavior, have a negative impact of the health of children, and because they are filled with violent content.

However, I do not share these views. In my opinion video games are a wonder pastime which has the potential to be very beneficial on many levels. Many believe that video games are a useless form of entertainment that is in studies administration no way beneficial, therefore it is considered a waste of time. However, video games are a real brain workout that invokes abstract and high level thinking. . read more. Writing Format? Video games are goal-driven experiences, which are fundamental to essay learning. (106) Some people feel that children spend too much time playing games and as a result they become socially isolated, which affects the reflective essay writing time spent doing home work, other physical activities and interacting with family and friends. While playing video games can be time consuming, it does in fact promote social activity and teamwork. Video games allow parents and book of essay, their kids to play together and can be used as a bonding activity. Many games appeal to reflective essay writing format both kids and adults and could be something they both share in common. Children also build friendships through playing games that both they and their friends enjoy. Also games that involve multiple players encourage children to book of essay work cooperatively to essay achieve a common goal.

They learn to listen to anu physics thesis the ideas of others, formulate plans and distribute various tasks based on essay the skills of book of essay, each other. Online games are played internationally, which can introduce kids to players of different nationalities, and exposed them to many cultures and fosters friendships. . read more. Violent games act as a positive way for essay children to vent their frustration and research for thesis, anger in the games with computerized characters, which often relieves stress. Video games provide a positive aggression outlet the same way playing football, hockey or any other contact sport would. It should be evident that the views held degrading the use of video games hold little if any merit. The argument that video games consume too much time and are violent hold little weight, because parents can impose a time limit of reflective format, how long games can be played, and in the same manner parents choose which television shows are suitable, they can choose which video games are appropriate for their children to play.

Furthermore, the violence depicted in video games is computer generated characters, whereas the violence in television shows are real life people. Contrary to these arguments, video games are indeed beneficial because they develop the minds of children in ways school does not, it can expose them to cultures around the opening statements world and it equips them mentally to deal with real life situations. . read more. This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Argumentative or Persuasive Essays section. Reflective Format? Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month. Join over 1.2 million students every month Accelerate your learning by thesis 29% Unlimited access from essay, just £6.99 per month. Related University Degree Argumentative or Persuasive Essays essays. Critical Essay on whether Briony ever achieves atonement in 'Atonement' by Ian McEwan. As a result of Briony's evidence, Robbie is wrongfully convicted. This then is Briony's crime, for which she spends the case studies rest of her life trying to atone. Briony lives in a world of fantasy and romance; she is very controlling and essay format, secretive. Critically Assess The Argument That Pornography Is Harmful To Women.

It is important, therefore to recognise that in society there is a wide range of statements essay, views on; politics, sexuality and many other issues. It would be dangerous then for those few people in reflective writing format power to decide that they know what is best for the people. Book Of Essay? Women in Politics Essay. Power and Pornography: Male Supremacy or Antipornography Propaganda? Within everyday life this is reinforced by men choosing weak women to be there wives as they are easier controlled, and those often with physical strength are often forced to act weak to fill a feminine role. Dworkin says this comes from the reflective writing idea of feminine in shame movie essay capabilities created by. When the reflective essay writing infant reaches the multiple-word stage, the morphological development grows a lot. Book Of Essay? As an example, let us look at the past tense: There are several stages of a learning process to acquire the correct use of the simple past in English.

Major Essay: Obesity Discussion, DavidZinczenko's amp;quot;Don't blame the eateramp;quot;. Obesity is correlated with several medical conditions, including heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, and certain types of cancer. Obesity and its related diseases are responsible for 400,000 deaths per year in the United States, paralleling the number of writing format, preventable deaths caused by smoking. Furthermore, while grammarians such as Priestley criticise the admission essay lack of inflectional endings in English as being the greatest defect in our language (Priestley, 1761: 16), Fisher dismisses this contemporary belief and chides such grammarians who use Latin as a basis for prescribing rules to the English language, Such Zealots might. Dependency on Technology - Negative Impact on Human Communication. Human communication is an essential part of human interaction. The benefits of effective human communication are many and essay, obvious as they enhance all aspects of our personal and social lives. It is also essential for our development as a part of the society. Investigating the great opening essay grammatical features of reflective writing format, a child(TM)s language and book of essay, influences in a three year . In this case, it seems that I have picked up on the general meaning of the non-standard utterance cor, dear, however I cannot quite manage to use it accurately. Mostly in this transcript, my parents use the words fantastic and brilliant. of student written work Annotated by. experienced teachers Ideas and feedback to. improve your own work.

Marked by writing format Teachers, The Student Room and Get Revising are all trading names of research for thesis, The Student Room Group Ltd. TurnItIn the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to read the rest? Sign up to view the whole essay and download the PDF for anytime access on reflective writing your computer, tablet or smartphone. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month. Looking for essay expert help with your Linguistics, Classics and related subjects work?

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How to Write an Essay About Drugs? One should not underestimate the reflective essay writing significance of essay writing. Apart from developing personal writing skills and book of essay, ability to conduct a profound research, a student also contributes much to the development of critical skills. Remember that in reflective essay the process of essay writing it is crucial to choose an statements appropriate topic. This is why students prefer writing on essay, controversial topics, which make readers think more about the issue, its causes, and consequences. Most Popular Essay Topics among Students : Social media and in healthcare, its effect on people’s lives; Causes and format, effects of obesity; Let us have a look at how the administration essay about drugs is built. This will hopefully give you an insight about how this type of essays are to be written. Besides, this is a very popular topic among students so if you are one of essay format, them it is most likely you will have to write an essay about drug addiction one day. At the same time, the drug abuse topic is quite complex.

On the for thesis one hand, drugs were discovered to help people who suffer from pain. This makes drugs one of the most beneficial inventions ever made. On the other hand, their use is not limited to medical treatment only; there are a lot of essay writing format, who use drugs “for fun”. Such approach ultimately leads to serious health issues and devastation when referring to the families of drug addicts. These lines are to show that it is important to know the subject of your topic prior to writing. Without understanding the essay key concepts of the subject, it is impossible to write a good essay. The word “drug” does not presume medication only. More commonly, it is referred to as the reflective writing format chemical compounds that are illegally sold, e.g. marijuana, ecstasy, heroin, etc.

Drugs make people feel ecstatic and “high” during limited period of time. Usually, the great essay “high” effect doesn’t last long. When it is all over, a drug addict feels sadness, frustration, senselessness as if life does not have its positive sides. However, every addict desires to reflective continue experiencing the good stuff so one always feels the studies in healthcare administration need to reflective format take a new drug dose again. The very moment when a person takes a second dose, he or she can be called an addict. Apart from book of essay illegal drugs sold on the streets, there are numerous drugs that can be easily bought without any restrictions. The effect most of the drugs have should not be underestimated since many people are dependent on it and use drugs on a daily basis. When we say drugs, we don’t mean pills only. Cigarettes, alcohol and coffee drinks are also drugs for many as they cannot live without these products despite the fact that they claim that they are not dependent on their effects.

An article n the topic : Whenever you have to write an essay on drug addiction, you have to essay mention its most common causes. The concept of drug addiction essay assumes that. Below are some of the great opening statements examples of causes you can use for your essay. They are all in their essence misconceptions about the danger of reflective format, drugs: “Drugs are everywhere. Why not try them?” “I will try drugs only once; I will never become a drug addict if I am not going to take it the honours thesis other time.” “I can quit taking drugs whenever I want.

Why not live my life the essay format way I want?” “I will not die if I take one pill”. “Drugs can make my life full of pleasant emotions and will allow forgetting about everyday life challenges and constraints.” Usually addicts find numerous excuses for shame, their behavior and they do not understand the reflective writing core of the addiction problem. Shame Movie Essay? If you are writing an essay about drugs, it is reflective, not enough to write your personal opinion. Every statement should be supported by facts. Drugs kill thousands of people every day. According to the recent statistics, 140 people die from movie cocaine abuse, 95 from marijuana, and almost 300 as a result of a sever cigarette addiction. If you provide statistics or other examples to prove your point of view, the reader is more likely to accept your interpretation of the issue. One of the most important aspects about writing an essay about drug addiction is to provide all possible solutions to the issue. There is no need to reflective essay define the problem and anu physics honours thesis, analyze its causes giving no way out.

Instead, provide strategies for the prevention of drug abuse that you consider may help the situation. You have to essay introduce your personal solutions to the problem, suggest new ways for managing anti-drugs campaigns or come up with innovative medical programs that should be effective in shame movie essay helping the addicts recover. It is a must to present your personal understanding of the problem along with the solutions – this way your essay will be unique and not like the essay format bunch of other writings on this particular subject. Do not hesitate to buy an essay on drug addiction from honours our online writers if you feel like writing an essay about drug addiction seems to be too complicated. Essay Writing Format? Our company offers professional assistance in case you don’t think that sitting several hours over an essay is a good way to spend your weekend. Besides, you probably will be surprised at affordable rates that we offer.

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The Ethics of Lying: One Humanist’s View. EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the second of a three-part series on the morality of lying. Essay Format. Our first post came yesterday from Deacon Jim Russell . Today, we hear from atheist blogger James Croft . And tomorrow we'll hear from Patheos Catholic blogger Leah Libresco . The UK's Guardian newspaper once relayed a well-known Broadway legend regarding a theatrical version of Anne Frank's diary: When the research, play was revived in New York some years back its lead actress, Pia Zadora, was frankly not adequate in essay format, the title role. So poor was she that one exasperated theatregoer, when the Nazi troops finally invaded the Frank family's hiding place, allegedly cried out: She's in the attic! This legenda favorite of my father, who joyfully retells it after almost every terrible theatrical performance we seeneatly highlights the difficulty of devising a simple rule to govern the ethics of lying. It seems intuitively clear that the audience memberhowever we might sympathize with their plightwere they in the position to actually reveal Anne Frank's location to the Nazi troops, would have done a clear moral wrong by condemning someone to admission, death, even though they told the truth . In such a situationwhen telling the truth to those who mean another harm would lead to terrible harm being causedit seems obviously wicked to say that lying (in the commonly-used sense of purposefully not telling the truth) would be morally wrong. The ethics of lying are complex, and the view of St. Augustine as glossed by essay writing format Deacon Jimthat all spoken falsehood with intention to deceive is immoralseems immediately inadequate.

Deacon Jim, intriguingly using Star Trek , a Humanist 'scripture', as his starting point, raises similar complexities in his piece. For Thesis. He points out that, For two thousand years, the Catholic Church has left this question somewhat unsettled: whether or not all falsehoods spoken with the intention to reflective, deceive are immoral acts of lying. Humanists are quite happy with unsettled questions of this sort. Research. The Humanist approach to morals and ethics does not seek to offer a set of settled rules for conduct which will guide a person easily through every quandary. Recognizing the complexity of essay our moral lives, and the infinite potential situations which might be faced by movie any given person, or by a society, Humanists prefer to construct robust moral and ethical principles to reflective format, guide action, and are quite unsurprised when these principles collide in howard admission, interesting and challenging ways. There are principled reasons to avoid ethical dictums which the idea of settling ethical questions brings to my mind: consider, for instance, the extraordinary harm which has been caused by the Catholic insistence that artificial forms contraception not be used. As our technology, our conceptions of human sexuality, and our knowledge regarding how diseases can be spread through sex have all advanced, this teaching should certainly be revised, but its status as a settled ethical issue prevents progress and essay writing format, causes significant suffering. Seeking to settle the question of studies in healthcare administration lyingby determining some fixed rubric by which we would decide whether, for format instance, (to use Deacon Jim's example) all falsehoods spoken with intention to deceive are immoral acts of “lying,” or notwould, in a similar way, be to deny the inherent complexity of human relationships and to close down opportunities for future growth in book of essay, our moral and ethical understanding. The position of writing format judgment Catholics are placed in howard admission essay, by the unsettled nature of Catholic teaching regarding lying is a good positionit's the position we should be in reflective essay format, regarding all judgments which affect others (I will leave aside the highly dubious claim that The Church completely recognizes and respects the book of essay, rights of conscience of its Catholic members). Having said this, what might be broad moral and ethical principles which should guide human conduct in this area? I think Deacon Jim gives us a way to approach this question when he raises what he calls the 'societal' or 'common-good' aspect of truth-telling:

The stability of human society really depends on format the good will that ought to exist among individuals, and that common good can only be realized by truthfulness. While I certainly agree that many other societal goods depend on good will between members of a community, there is case in healthcare good reason to writing format, doubt that common good can only case in healthcare administration, be realized by truthfulness. Indeed, the apocryphal anecdote with which I began speaks against writing this view: the audience member imagining themselves to be revealing Anne Frank's location, though speaking truthfully, is not promoting the common good or improving good will between members of the society. Rather, their truth-telling breaks down the statements essay, fabric of social trust required for communities to operate to reflective essay format, the good of their members. How so? Because good will is book of essay a more expansive and complex concept than truthfulness. And sometimesperhaps oftenwe demonstrate our good will toward others by not telling the truth . This is perhaps why the Eighth Commandment charges people not to bear false witness, rather than simply never to reflective essay format, lie: it is the harm caused to another by lying which is the book of essay, object of reflective writing format primary condemnation, and often we will demonstrate more good will toward our neighbor by opening statements essay being equivocal (rather than ruthless) with the truth.

Ultimately, to live happily in society among others, we do not want to live with ruthless truth-tellers who always tell the full truth regardless of any contextual factors. Reflective Essay Writing Format. Rather, we want to live beside people who have our good in great opening statements essay, mind, and who act to maximize our goodeven though this may lead them to be equivocal with the truth at times. Humanists accept the essay format, many ethical complexities such a position places us in, and recognize that all ethical reasoningjust like the Catholic position on case in healthcare lyingis ultimately a work in progress. Felix Adler's ethical maxim should be the guiding principle, not some ossified rule regarding truth-telling: “Act so as to elicit the best in others, and thereby in essay format, thyself.”

James Croft is a candidate for an Ed.D in statements essay, Human Development and Education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education (HGSE). He works alongside Greg Epstein as Research and Education Fellow at the Humanist Community at essay writing format Harvard, trying to create a true Humanist fellowship in Cambridge, Massachusetts. James is an experienced actor and singer, having performed in many locations around the world. A committed Humanist and a Humanist Celebrant, he's also an Assistant Editor at The New Humanism and book of essay, a Contributing Scholar for State of essay writing Formation. His blog at Patheos is titled Temple of the Future . Note: Our goal is to cultivate serious and respectful dialogue.

While it's OK to disagreeeven encouraged!any snarky, offensive, or off-topic comments will be deleted. Opening Statements. Before commenting please read the essay, Commenting Rules and Tips . If you're having trouble commenting, read the Commenting Instructions . Only thing I would criticize in this would be that I would say humanist principles do guide us through all complex situations, but they don't always provide clear paths. In other words, the book of essay, principles are not abandoned in difficult circumstances. In contrast, one would expect followers of the just and true God to be able to do better. That the infallible church would not need to take 2000 years to interpret the eighth commandment. That it does not is by no means proof the god is fake, but it is another missed opportunity for the God to prove himself.

That the infallible church would not need to reflective essay format, take 2000 years to interpret the eighth commandment. This is a quibble, since I agree there is something remarkable about a basic question remaining open in the Catholic Church for 2000 years. It seems to me pointless and wrongheaded to try to cram all moral precepts into the Ten Commandments. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor did not prohibit all lying when it was promulgated, and it doesn't today. You're right. But Christian belief usually places lying as so incredibly bad that God could never ever do it, he couldn't even want to. This is unlike killing in which God often does it and helps others in. There seems to be something about lying that they need it to be completely banned but recognize this is also immoral to not lie in anu physics, all circumstances. In my opinion, in writing, the story of Adam and Eve, God does not tell Adam the truth about eating from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. Thesis. The serpent tells the truth, and after Adam and Eve eat the writing format, forbidden fruit, God confirms what the serpent said word for word.

I agree and the equivocation from apologists on death is ridiculous. There is a Reasonable Doubts episode where they try to show where God has lied or condones lying. The response from theists is illuminating. You're gonna have to anu physics thesis, explain this one. You're gonna have to explain this one. It is plain as day right there in Genesis 3. But the serpent said to the woman: You certainly will not die! No, God knows well that the moment you eat of it your eyes will be opened and you will be like gods who know what is good and what is bad. Adam and Eve don't die.

And God echoes the serpent's very words, saying, See! The man has become like one of us, knowing what is good and what is bad! To assume that what God meant was that Adam and Eve would die someday if they ate from the tree is necessarily to reflective essay, assume that Adam and book of essay, Eve were either created immortal or were going to be allowed to eat from the Tree of Life. But that is nowhere in the text. The Christian interpretation is that the sin of reflective Adam and Eve brought death into the world, but that is certainly not in Genesis. Any person who reads Genesis 3 will have to interpret it. I have to reject any interpretation which attributes a lie to God and honours, truth telling to the serpent. ..necessarily to assume that Adam and Eve were either created immortal. If they were in fact initially created immortal, but died someday and brought death into the world because they ate from the tree, in your mind what are some of the challenges this would pose, i.e. Reflective Writing. how would it show God to have lied?

I think it is interesting to contrast the issue of lying as an open question in Catholicism with the honours thesis, issue of contraception, which many would consider to reflective essay, be settled and final (although I personally don't think Humanae Vitae comes close to anu physics honours, being infallible by the criteria set by writing the Church for infallible pronouncements). The absolutist position on great contraception seems to me to reflective essay writing, be very similar to the absolutist position on admission essay lying. The position on writing contraception is that sex is for reproduction and anything that gets in the way of its reproductive purpose renders it immoral. The absolutist position on lying is methodology that speech is for communicating the truth, and anything that gets in the way of essay writing its purpose of essay communicating truth renders it immoral. These absolutist positions strike me as being illustrations of the reflective, principle, Man was made for admission the law, not the law for man.

I just wanted to reflective essay writing, clarify that Catholic teaching does not say sex is for reproduction purposes only, but its a unitive act as well. you cannot take one without distorting the other. This is why the studies, church is against both in vitro fertilization and contraception. One tries to achieve reproduction without uniting the husband and essay format, wife in the sexual act, and essay, the other tries to remove the reflective writing format, gift of book of essay giving oneself to the other fully and be open to participating in God's creation in reflective essay format, order to pleasure oneself. There is a difference in that matter, and that is the studies in healthcare, church gives us solutions to the problem of contraception. Abstinence is seen as impossible in today's culture, which is not true.

I just wanted to clarify that Catholic teaching does not say sex is for reproduction purposes only, but its a unitive act as well. I agree that is what the Church teaches, which is why I said sex is for reflective essay format reproduction, not sex is only for reproduction. For a very long time in the Church, the unitive purpose of sex was not recognized, and someone as influential as St. Augustine said. It is one thing to lie together with the sole will of research for thesis generating: this has no fault. Writing. It is another to seek the pleasure of flesh in lying, although within the limits of marriage, this has venial fault. To attempt to derive pleasure from sex, even for married people, was a sin. This is anu physics thesis not, of course, the position of the Church today. Reflective Essay. Nevertheless, it seems to me that all the rules about sex in methodology, Catholicism are about sex within marriage being procreative.

I am not aware of any encyclical or major Church document that is to the unitive nature of essay writing format sex what Humanae Vitae is to the procreative nature. For a very long time in the Church, the unitive purpose of sex was not recognized. To attempt to methodology, derive pleasure from sex, even for married people, was a sin. David, your interpretation of St. Essay. Augustine doesn't quite prove what you claim about the Church not recognizing unitive purposes way back when. His statement on the manner can be interpreted to be in book of essay, accord with present Church teaching since intercourse cannot be unitive if one spouse were to merely seek the pleasure of flesh using the other. Reflective Essay Writing. In other words, yes, it is still a sin to objectify anyone - even a spouse.

St. Augustine seems to be making distinctions of culpability. His statement on the manner can be interpreted to be in in healthcare, accord with present Church teaching since intercourse cannot be unitive if one spouse were to merely seek the pleasure of flesh using the other. Catholic married couples today are free to engage in sexual intercourse for pleasure as long as they leave the sex act open to reflective, procreation. As I understand Augustine's thought, such couples would be committing a venial sin. There is nothing in anu physics, the quote I reproduced to indicate that Augustine was talking of one partner seeking pleasure by using the reflective, other. Methodology For Thesis. You are forcing an interpretation on the quote to try to make it consistent with contemporary thought. I am not sure why you find that necessary. Augustine is a towering figure in Catholic thought, but not everything he said, and not everything other towering figures (like Aquinas) said is in harmony with 21st-century Catholic teaching. In defending the position that the Church has never taught error, it is writing format completely unnecessary to harmonize everything Augustine or Aquinas ever said with Church teaching of today. Catholic married couples today are free to shame movie essay, engage in sexual intercourse for pleasure as long as they leave the sex act open to procreation.

As I understand Augustine's thought, such couples would be committing a venial sin. . in Augustine's opinion. But this has never been the official teaching of the Catholic Church. In an effort to accurately represent those you disagree with, please remember that the Catholic Church doesn't embrace every teaching of reflective writing every major theologian, even her more gifted. In an effort to accurately represent those you disagree with, please remember that the Catholic Church doesn't embrace every teaching of every major theologian, even her more gifted ones. You seem to be objecting to what I said, but what you are saying is precisely the research methodology, point I made! I said:

Augustine is a towering figure in Catholic thought, but not everything he said, and not everything other towering figures (like Aquinas) said is in harmony with 21st-century Catholic teaching. In defending the position that the Church has never taught error, it is format completely. unnecessary to harmonize everything Augustine or Aquinas ever said with Church teaching of today. Catholic married couples today are free to engage in sexual intercourse for pleasure as long as they leave the sex act open to procreation. As I understand Augustine's thought, such couples would be committing a venial sin. As I understand it, Catholic married couples today are mostly free to sexually reproduce (a biological process which is prefaced by sexual intercourse). We know that sexual intercourse is sometimes (maybe rarely) pleasurable, and we also know that sometimes (maybe rarely) reproduction is achieved. The point is statements that the natural purpose of essay format sexual intercourse is anu physics honours sexual reproduction - a purpose which is not to be severed from the essay, act that achieves it. You are forcing an interpretation on essay the quote to try to make it consistent with contemporary thought. I am not sure why you find that necessary. Augustine is a towering figure in Catholic thought, but not everything he said, and essay, not everything other towering figures (like Aquinas) said is in harmony with 21st-century Catholic teaching.

No more than you are forcing an interpretation on the quote to make it inconsistent with contemporary thought. I found it necessary in order to show that your quote doesn't necessarily prove what you claim. I do agree about the harmony thing. So yes, it is completely unnecessary to book of essay, harmonize everything some towering figure said. If you recall, you tried to use Augustine's quote to show that the Church in Augustine's time did not recognize unitive purposes of sexual intercourse.

If we agree that not everything needs to be harmonized (and then you suggest that this statement by Augustine fits that condition), one cannot claim that the Church did not recognize unitive purposes in Augustine's time, only that Augustine did not: for Augustine is not the Church! In defending the position that the Church has never taught error, it is completely unnecessary to harmonize everything Augustine or Aquinas ever said with Church teaching of today. So without any further information, are we agreeing that St. Augustine may have been at odds with the Church's past recognition on this matter? We know that sexual intercourse is sometimes (maybe rarely) pleasurable, and we also know that sometimes (maybe rarely) reproduction is achieved. Sexual intercourse is only sometimes —and maybe only rarely —pleasurable? Really? So without any further information, are we agreeing that St.

Augustine may have been at odds with the Church's past recognition on the pleasure vs generation issue? St. Reflective Essay. Augustine died in 430 A.D. I think it probably wouldn't even make sense to claim that the Church in book of essay, the 5th century had an official position on reflective essay the relationship between the unitive and procreative purposes of sex. I think it is fair to say (and universally acknowledged) that St. Augustine's views on sex were very influential, and that Augustine believed that sex for shame movie essay pleasure, even for married couples, was sinful (but not seriously so—that is, not a mortal sin). It is only in the 20th century that the Church began making official pronouncements on such teachings. Pius XII in Casti Connubii officially recognized a unitive purpose for marital sex, and he regarded it as secondary to reflective, procreation. Catholic thought developed further between then and now, to the point where the procreative and unitive purposes are both essential. So, in brief, I would say no, St.

Augustine wasn't at odds with the howard, early Church on the matter of sexuality. He was in on the ground floor in shaping the Church's view on sexuality. But his idea that in reflective essay format, marriage, sex for pleasure (but open to procreation) is sinful is against Catholic teaching. Sexual intercourse is only sometimes—and maybe onlyrarely—pleasurable? Really? I do not recall using the term, only, but even if we substitute sometimes with often the implication is still achieved: that sexual intercourse need not be pleasurable to achieve sexual reproduction. Honours Thesis. I'm sorry if I wasn't clear. Perhaps it would be more clear if instead of pleasure I would say sexual gratification?

I suppose some pleasure (happy to be pregnant) could be derived in the consequences of sexual intercourse that was not sexually gratifying. I'm trying not to reflective essay, equivocate so bear with me. It is only in the 20th century that the Church began making official pronouncements on such teachings. I appreciate you sharing your historical knowledge. Book Of Essay. I now understand that by sharing what St. Augustine thought on unitive purposes you support your claim that the essay writing, Church didn't always officially teach what She teaches now. Howard Admission. (Presumably we agree that by no means in this case would this be contradictory given organic development of doctrine.) But his idea that in marriage, sex for pleasure (but open to reflective essay format, procreation) is sinful is against Catholic teaching.

This speaks to my original point that his quote doesn't necessarily prove your claim: your parenthetical, but open to procreation is not in the original quote by St. Augustine. Studies In Healthcare. I maintain there is exegetical cushion to harmonize his ideas with. 20th century teachings, even if the harmonization isn't completely necessary. This isn't to deny your interpretation that it could be opposed to. 20th century teaching, only that it could go both ways without affecting the development of the current teaching as you stated it. I maintain there is exegetical cushion to harmonize his ideas with.

20th century teachings, even if the harmonization isn't completely necessary. I think what you are saying is that if someone is clever enough and works at it long enough, they can make an argument that, despite what Augustine appeared to say about the sinfulness of writing deliberately deriving pleasure from sex in marriage, he really didn't mean it the way he sounds, and statements, that his views are fully consistent with the view that developed in the 20th century that the procreative and unitive purposes of sex are co-equal. I don't doubt that people have already made such attempts at reflective essay writing format harmonization, although it bewilders me that anybody thinks it is necessary to honours thesis, try to demonstrate someone from the fifth century, because he is a great saint, had a 21st-century view of sex and reflective format, marriage. The Church has never claimed the infallibility of the howard admission, saints, and I think such exercises in reflective writing format, trying to make long-dead saints in the Catholic Church appear correct in case studies in healthcare, all their views undermines rather than helps Catholicism. It is one thing to claim that Catholic dogma never changes. It is quite another thing to claim no important Catholic of the past every held a view that is now no longer accepted.

I think what you are saying is essay writing that if someone is clever enough and essay, works at it long enough, they can make an argument that, despite what Augustine appeared to say about the reflective essay, sinfulness of deliberately deriving pleasure from sex in marriage, he really didn't mean it the way he sounds. David, the issue between us is great that you are convinced you are interpreting him correctly and then accuse me of interpreting him as though it's some huge stretch to interpret him in harmony with current Church teaching. The fact that St. Augustine said sole will regarding generation makes me believe he wanted to carry that context when he contrasted sexual intercourse for pleasure. The way it sounds to me is obviously not the way it sounds to reflective essay format, you; the howard admission essay, difference is that you think you interpret him correctly, and I think either of essay writing format our interpretations are reasonable.

I don't doubt that people have already made such attempts at harmonization. I didn't know we were talking about the attempts of others. . Research For Thesis. although it bewilders me that anybody thinks it is necessary to try to demonstrate someone from the fifth century, because he is a great saint, had a 21st-century view of reflective sex and marriage. Although it bewilders me that anybody thinks it is necessary to demonstrate that someone from the fifth century had a 5th century view of book of essay sex and essay writing, marriage. Would you like to anu physics honours, keep playing that game or do you want to actually add to reflective format, the discussion?

Please refrain from assuming that you know what my intentions are. The Church has never claimed the infallibility of the saints. and I think such exercises in trying to make long-dead saints in the Catholic Church appear correct in anu physics thesis, all their views undermines rather than helps Catholicism. Ok, but weren't we simply talking about one view of one saint? Besides, I already agreed that it wasn't necessary to harmonize a particular view, just showing that your interpretation isn't the only possible explanation. It is one thing to claim that Catholic dogma never changes. It is quite another thing to writing format, claim no important Catholic of the past every held a view that is now no longer accepted. Are you attributing these claims to me? I deny that I have made or hold to such claims.

Are you attributing these claims to me? No, I am not attributing any particular claims to you. But there is among some Catholics a tendency to case studies in healthcare administration, want to homogenize the complete history of the reflective writing format, Church and essay, argue that there have never been changes of any significance from the time of the apostles to the present. For example, although sacramental theology took well over a thousand years to develop into the form we recognize today, I have been in discussions in which people have insisted that Augustine thought of marriage as a sacrament the way we think of it today. That is simply not true. The concept of sacrament was very different Augustine's time (5th century) than it was in Aquinas's (13th century).

It is just mistaken to read the sacramental theology of the 21st or the 13th century back into Augustine's writings of the 5th century. I don't think it makes much sense to essay writing, continue this without going much more deeply into book of essay Augustine's thoughts on essay format sex and marriage than plucking a few quotes here and essay, there. I do not pretend to be an expert on the life and reflective writing, thought of Aquinas, but it is my opinion that if we could send, say, Benedict XVI back to the 5th century in opening, a time machine to discuss marriage and sexuality, there would be some rather fundamental disagreements between them. Reflective Essay Format. As you say, it should be no surprise that even one of the greatest minds in the Church who lived in the 5th century would have a 5th century understanding of honours thesis marriage and sex. Befitting of a positive note on which we end this discussion: St. Augustine, pray for us. I cannot help but bring up Jacob and Esau.

Jacob clearly lies to Isaac in order for personal gain. This deception is rewarded and reflective writing, Jacob goes on to be immensely rewarded. What possible good moral point could there be in this story? I am still only up to Exodus, but this story was one that was incredibly confounding. Was lying for personal gain okay then? Both you and St. Augustine have had to struggle with the Jacob/Esau story. Anu Physics Honours Thesis. Indeed, in Augustine's case I don't think he ever adequately addressed it--rather, he had already made up his mind about never being able to lie and then could only conclude that some greater and prophetic truth was served by the deception of Jacob, basically. I don't think Augustine ever fully resolved this example. Jacob as supplanter and a deceiver and essay, one full of essay guile and cunning certainly remained a running theme in the nation of reflective format Israel--but the circumstances were such that his deception was seen as justifiable since the birthright was technically owed to him. Even in John's Gospel, in for thesis, the first chapter, Jesus says, with ironic humor, of Nathanael, Behold an reflective essay Israelite in whom there is no guile . I just think we need to try and look at this objectively.

Lot's wife gets turned into salt for looking at God's work. This is research methodology immediate punishment for violating what seems to me to be an essay writing format arbitrary command and anu physics honours, brutal punishment. On the other had Jacob intentionally lies and deceives his father violating at least 2 commandments and acting utterly contrary to god's morality. There is no punishment for essay this, no chastising, no earthly justice at least. Instead, Jacob goes along and lives a long prosperous life leading God's chosen people. What is the case administration, difference? Jacob while immoral, did not disobey any direct command of format god. Lot's wife, did disobey a command. It would seem here that God is much more concerned that his commands be obeyed than his followers act morally.

This heightened value of obedience of authority is exactly what people believed in the Iron Age, and this is reflected all over the OT. I think it is all fables, myths and tales. The God you believe in would have done better. One possibility is that Jacob had a legitimate claim to the birthright, which had been bartered away by his brother Esau. So, one may suggest that the deception wasn't a sinful lie because the deception was justified, *or* that the deception was still a sinful lie even though the claim to the birthright was legit. Either way, the episode's inclusion in methodology, Scripture is not there to resolve the morality of lying and reflective, deception. Its purpose as Scripture is anu physics honours more big picture.

Further, the Church is also very aware that the writing, *human* authors of the texts themselves express the truths that the honours thesis, Holy Spirit wants asserted in reflective format, obviously human fashion. In Healthcare. So we can never really simply say that biblical characters are either uber-holy or uber-unholy. Developing a moral framework from essay writing Scripture alone would be very very difficult. This deception is rewarded and administration, Jacob goes on to be immensely rewarded. What possible good moral point could there be in this story? That question only becomes problematic if we see the Bible as something akin to Grimms' fairy tales, fictional stories designed to illustrate a moral principle. But the Scriptures aren't like that. They record history as it was. Jacob made a free decision to lie, and God worked with it even while not supporting it. In a sense, this is the overarching theme of the entire Old Testament: God working with the reflective essay writing format, free choices of his sinful people to bring about essay his purposes.

But the reflective essay, Scriptures aren't like that. They record history as it was. Does this mean you believe the flood story is true? There was an in healthcare administration archaeological study done not long ago that showed a big (local) flood did in fact happen in the region. This is also apparent from the writings of other ancient people (such as the Babylonians). See the following link. The study is reflective not conclusive. There was flooding activity but the size and timing are unknown. Howard Essay. Regardless, the format, story is not about a big local flood.

It is about a global flood that covered the earth and killed virtually every living thing. And, it's about a family which managed to shame essay, collect an astonishing variety of animals and survive this incredible catastrophe. So, my question remains, if you think that the Bible records history as it was do you believe that this story is true? For people of that time, a huge local catastrophe would look like a global event. We as Catholics are not obliged to take everything in a literal sense. We try to essay writing, understand the authors and where they are coming from. So it answer you question, I believe the history being it a big local event. Seems odd that a god couldn't be more clear in his book. I guess it's just more evidence that your god is an incompetent buffoon. . Thesis. Or that He was competent enough to send Ziad to help clear things up for you in 2013.

He hasn't cleared anything up. Just offered the same old excuses. How else do you expect someone to respond to writing, the same old objections ? Some religions, like Islam, believe their inspired book came strictly from God and no human hand in it. Administration. Christianity is very different. Reflective Essay Writing. Although we confess that the Bible is the Word of God and He is its author, it is essay inspired through the holy spirit who worked through human authors. So we confess also that there are human elements in it and essay, that the Holy Spirit did not invade the mind of the studies in healthcare, authors, but rather worked through them. This is evident because the authors speak through their knowledge and their experiences (such as the flood story). It is when you read the Bible as a whole and understand it through the teaching of the Catholic Church, you would understand what God is telling us in each passage. John Bell, I think you need to clean up your insulting, inflammatory comment. I disagree.

If anything, I should pick up the pace. Religion and this god have been given way too much undue respect and reflective writing, it's time for that to shame essay, change. This is supposed to be a place of reflective dialogue, not disrespect. Those aren't mutually exclusive. They are if you expect anyone to dialogue with you. I disagree. If anything, I should pick up the pace.

Religion and this god have been given way too much undue respect and it's time for movie essay that to change. Then this isn't the reflective essay format, place for you, John. Thanks for stopping by. Then why tell Noah to get all these animals on the boat? It doesn't make sense unless God is killing all other humans and honours, animals. Reflective Writing. It is a myth, which you already seem to accept by not interpreting it literally.

Not to mention what exactly are the authors on howard essay about in the Noah story? God knew all along that he was going to send his son to redeem humanity. Why bother killing all but one family generations earlier? Did God not know that humanity was going to reflective, keep on thesis sinning anyway? Did God not know that he was going to invent the rainbow to say he would never do it again? Why do it in the first place.

It doesn't even make sense as fiction. Its a myth, like Gilgamesh and Beowulf. Reflective Essay Format. It reflects a human impression of methodology gods as rash, and writing format, toying with humanity. As I understand it (I am no theologian or apologist of any sort) the Noah story is showing the first glimpse of God's promise to protect humanity and provide salvation. Shame Movie Essay. Bringing all the animals and saving them is a sign of reflective essay writing new creation, new beginning where man is not left alone to studies in healthcare administration, meet his doom. That question only becomes problematic if we see the Bible as something akin to Grimms' fairy tales, fictional stories designed to essay, illustrate a moral principle. But it is anu physics honours thesis not uncommon to hear the argument that the Bible teaches us that polygamy is wrong because very often there is some kind of strife depicted in Old Testament stories in which polygamy plays a part. Reflective Writing. I think that argument is an example of the same kind of honours approach to the Bible as you are criticizing here. If we try to reflective essay, find a moral in every occurrence in the Old Testament, we can arrive at some very odd conclusions that were never intended. You are right.

Bible interpreters call this the prescriptive/descriptive problem. When is the bible telling us a story to research methodology, prescribe behavior and when is it just describing events. As Catholics we have sacred tradition and the church to essay writing, clarify things. Admission. Protestants profess Scripture Alone which leaves the problem quite unsolvable. So how did God work with Jacob? What was the consequence of Jacob's stealing his brother's birthright through deception? And actually, one of the aspects of the Jacob story is essay that it's a great illustration regarding *whether* it counts as a lie or not. Augustine, for book of essay example, would not count it as an example of a sinful lie but rather as something else that was somehow prophetically true. The odd thing is that, even though I defend the right to reflective essay, form conscience apart from the methodology, common teaching on lying, I'm more inclined to agree with Brandon (and against Augustine's excusing of Jacob) that Jacob's falsehood was a lie (and sinful) because of its selfishness.

Though there *may* be room to consider whether Jacob's rightful claim to reflective writing format, the birthright constituted sufficient justice to conceal his identity. I'm not yet 100 percent satisfied with either choice, but the Jacob portrayed in Scripture seems quite capable of sinning in this deception. I think we need a post on why Catholics should not have to get hung up on defending the difficult passages of the OT! But the Scriptures aren't like that. Admission. They record history as it was. There's an important point to be made about Catholic teaching, and that is even those who claim one must never lie do not claim one must always tell the truth. For example, the audience member in the very funny story about the Anne Frank play volunteers the truth, which is quite different from lying when asked a direct question. Even anti-lying absolutists would not say it is never wrong to tell the truth. Gossip, for example, can be true. Libelous statements can be true. The anti-lying absolutists would say that when asked by a would-be murderer where his next intended victim is, you do not have to answer!

And if you answer, you do not have to reflective essay, respond with the truth. Howard. You can say, for example, How in the world would I know where she is? Even when testifying under oath in court, to commit perjury you must clearly say something false. If a witness is clever enough to throw the questioning off track and leave the impression he has been responsive, he is essay writing format not committing perjury. I remember one of my teachers (a Christian Brother) half admiringly telling a story about a kid in another class who appeared to honours thesis, be eating something (which was not permitted during class). He saw the kid chewing and said, Are you eating candy?

The kid replied, No! It turned out he was eating peanuts, and the teacher had to admit that no was a truthful answer to the question he had asked. Technically, the kid was not required to say, No, I am not eating candy. Essay Writing. I am eating peanuts. Yes, and the theological tradition of movie essay mental reservation is also associated with this--we don't have to speak the truth, we can remain silent. But if silence is inadequate to essay format, the task, how much can we say--combined with what we do *not* say--to safeguard truth or do good? Mental reservation is that middle-road attempt to in healthcare administration, address the many special cases in reflective essay, which silence cannot adequately safeguard truth or the good.

Since Croft has devoted a whole paragraph of a brief OP to a side issue, contraception, with the claim that the teachings of great opening statements Humanae Vitae have caused extraordinary harm, I'd like to see him back up that claim with evidence. Writing Format. I would also like him to address whether extraordinary harm has been inflicted due to contraception. He is actually making an argument for book of essay the other side without knowing it. Reflective Essay Writing. Making exceptions in the case of contraception led to a sexual revolution. If those contemplating it in the mid 20th century had any idea it would lead to rampant divorce, promiscuity, abortion, etc. Essay. then very few would have supported it. If he is reflective suggesting a parallel with the admission essay, question at hand it very much works against the point the is trying to make. If those contemplating it in the mid 20th century had any idea it would lead to rampant divorce, promiscuity, abortion, etc. then very few would have supported it. It would actually be very difficult to demonstrate that the pill, or contraception in general, lead to writing format, the sexual revolution. I certainly don't think it did.

Nor do I think Humanae Vitae was prophetic. That is anu physics honours thesis confusing to me. Certainly there were other factors like the spread of pornography enabled by technology. Still denying the importance of the reflective essay writing format, pill just seems weird. If sex does not lead to children then why wait for marriage? The kind of relationship required for sex then got to be less and less serious until it was accepted with no relationship at case in healthcare all. Is any of reflective essay writing this controversial? I don't think this is the opening, right place to debate what caused the reflective essay format, sexual revolution (I am not even sure the name is anu physics honours thesis apt), but if you google DID THE PILL CAUSE THE SEXUAL REVOLUTION you will find plenty of good arguments that it did not.

I don't think this is the right place to essay format, debate what caused the sexual revolution I agree and this is essay why I cautioned James to use the condom example in his original post. Reflective Writing Format. As you can see, it has already de-railed this entire comment thread. I offered to change the example, but you went ahead and published anyway - a whole day earlier than you promised, no less! What is an author to do? ;) I offered to change the example, but you went ahead and published anyway - a whole day earlier than you promised, no less! What is an case author to do? ;) This is reflective writing simply not true, James. Howard Admission Essay. As I explain above, on Monday, August 19, I sent you an email saying I'm planning to launch the reflective format, three-part series [on lying] tomorrow (8/20).

Deacon Jim's article will go first, yours on Wednesday (8/21), and research for thesis, Leah's on Thursday (8/22). I posted it on Wednesday, just as promised. There are people who think the pill is a good thing and the sexual revolution is a bad thing. I saw some things by people in that category trying to make that case. I would not call them good arguments. It seems most who say both of reflective format them are good or both of them are bad take for great opening statements granted a significant cause and reflective essay format, effect. But when you say artificial contraception you don't just mean the pill.

Casti Connubii was published in 1930. That was in response to a mini sexual revolution in the early 1900's. I think Brandon demonstrated the prophetic nature of HV in his long quote from it above. Would love to hear how contraception leads to book of essay, abortion and divorce. Contraception has a failure rate. What happens next? Contraception facilitates fornication and reflective format, adultery. What happens next? The failure rate for contraception is rather lower than the failure rate for great opening essay unprotected sex. This is like arguing that seat belts have a failure rate so we shouldn't promote their usage. Do you really think people didn't have affairs before the advent of effective prophylactics?

I'll tell you, a bastard breaks up a marriage faster than most things. Of course, so do the stresses of unwanted children within marriage, or the transmission of diseases. Hi, Josh--your question was how does contraception lead to abortion and divorce. I think I just answered it. Contraception use generally implies you don't want a kid nine months after you have sex. When contraception *fails* and you don't want a kid nine months later, you get an abortion. This is all particularly true in cases of fornication and adultery. Jim, what you showed was that sex can lead to abortion and in essay writing, certain circumstances divorce. Book Of Essay. Contraception reduces the chance of those possible outcomes of sex. Writing. C.f. the seatbelts example I gave you above.

Nope. When you give teenagers contraceptives, you are giving them permission to have sex. Methodology. Teenagers (and adults with the mentality of teens) are irresponsible by essay format nature, so both their sex and contraception use are irresponsible. This means contraception failure. This means pregnancy. Then comes abortion or children without fathers.

If teenagers are irresponsible by nature, then they will have sex regardless of contraceptives. Contraceptives would then only book of essay, reduce pregnancies. Let's have some evidence for your claims. In the reflective essay writing format, 1950s, teenage sex was the exception. Now, it is much more the norm. Why the change?

You've been thoroughly indoctrinated by Planned Parenthood. The failure rate for contraception is rather lower than the book of essay, failure rate for unprotected sex. This is like arguing that seat belts have a failure rate so we shouldn't promote their usage. But you're presenting a false dichotomy. By suggesting the only two options are condoms or unprotected sex, you're implying people *have* to writing, engage in risky sex and can't help it, and that those are the only two options. A third option--and a better solution--would be to promote sex within monogamous, faithful marriages, sex that doesn't need to be protected from anything. No dichotomy, I was just pointing out that Jim's analysis was wrong. People can have sex or not have sex. The former leads to babies. (Excepting anal, oral, etc. which clearly don't lead to essay, abortions and reflective essay writing format, divorces.) Among people who have sex, there are various habits that can reduce the book of essay, chance of unwanted children. Contraceptives are essentially the best.

They are a form of non-risky sex. Lot's of monogamous, faithfully married couples use protection. Reflective Essay Writing. People who want to be monogamous partners inside marriage are fine. But you present a dichotomy by howard admission essay pretending that is the only valid or safe option. It's simply not. Lot's of monogamous, faithfully married couples use protection. What are they protecting themselves from? Mostly from unwanted pregnancies. I.e. both from unwanted children and from abortions.

There are also cases where one partner has a disease they don't want to pass to the other. Facilitating fornication is essay writing a good thing. Facilitating fornication is a good thing. Out of curiosity, do you have a young daughter? fornication. I have to anu physics, laugh. It's like we're in the middle ages! Would love to hear how contraception leads to abortion and divorce. Assuming your question is reflective writing genuine and not facetious, you'll find the first part of your answer here: A Deeper Look at opening Contraception and Abortion . Your link is broken Brandon. When James first submitted his article I warned him that Catholics would be quick to refute this claim, which isn't necessary to his argument and draws attention away from it.

For one thing, the reflective essay, experts on this topic seem to completely disagree with James. Methodology. The non-Catholic, pro-condom, senior Harvard researched Edward C. Green, director of the AIDS Prevention Research Project at the Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies, says: The pope is correct [about condoms']. or to put it a better way, the writing, best evidence we have supports the pope’s comments. He stresses that “condoms have been proven to not be effective at the level of population. Methodology. There is a consistent association shown by our best studies, including the U.S.-funded ‘Demographic Health Surveys, between greater availability and use of condoms and higher (not lower) HIV-infection rates. This may be due in part to reflective essay, a phenomenon known as risk compensation, meaning that when one uses a risk-reduction ‘technology’ such as condoms, one often loses the benefit (reduction in risk) by ‘compensating’ or taking greater chances than one would take without the risk-reduction technology.” Green expressed this fact even more simply, stating: We have found no consistent associations between condom use and lower HIV-infection rates. Those wanting more should read his op-ed piece in the Washington Post titled The Pope May Be Right.

The Pope May Be Right. something about howard admission essay that Washington Post title made me chuckle. Brandon, this is disingenuous to the point of dishonesty. From the article you linked: In a 2008 article in Science called Reassessing HIV Prevention 10 AIDS experts concluded that consistent condom use has not reached a.

sufficiently high level, even after many years of widespread and often. aggressive promotion, to produce a measurable slowing of new infections. in the generalized epidemics of Sub-Saharan Africa. i.e., the problem is reflective essay writing format not enough people using condoms despite efforts to change that behavior. Could the Pope have anything to do with that? Also note: . Research Methodology. that condom promotion has worked in countries such as Thailand and Cambodia. Reflective Essay Format. disingenuous to the point of research dishonesty The unofficial motto of Strange Notions!

i.e., the problem is not enough people using condoms despite efforts to change that behavior. The article says, consistent condom use has not reached a sufficiently high level, even after many years of widespread and often aggressive promotion. Which means that the real problem is not that there aren't enough people using them, but that they are being used inconsistently . Could the Pope have anything to do with that? Sure! Perhaps he can persuade the inconsistent condom user to abstain from the behavior which requires the use of a condom.

The Pope should stay out of public health advice. Why should one assume that the pope couldn't do it in essay writing, private? The pope has the case in healthcare administration, right to speak on matters of faith and morals. Reflective Format. Public health often has a moral dimension, so he has a prefect right, in admission essay, fact an obligation, to speak. He is also informed. I have a right to speak on matters of essay writing faith and morals. I don't know why someone should pay more attention to the pope than to me. I think we both deserve the same amount of attention: whatever attention our arguments warrant. Not quite. You have no right to speak to Catholics nor have you any standing to book of essay, speak as one world leader to other world leaders.

On the other hand, neither you nor I have thirteen years of writing formation in faith and morals, a doctorate in theology, thousands of hours of experience dealing with people on these matters, many learned advisers, and two thousand years of experience to draw from. I may not have standing but I definitely have a right to methodology, speak to Catholics and everyone else in the public square about anything I like, at least in this country (the UK). Reflective Format. Hopefully in your country, too. They likewise have a right to pay attention to me or to opening statements, ignore me. Frankly, I don't care much about the credentials of the thirteen years of reflective essay formation plus doctorates, etc., if the arguments are bad.

Just listing credentials isn't an argument at research methodology for thesis all. Humility is reflective essay writing format truth. Well, the current pope used to ride the bus to work. I have a lot of howard respect for that. Here's the question. To what extent should public health policy be determined by Catholic teaching? Dr. Reflective Format. Edward Green agreed with the pope (to a certain extent, at least) that condoms had not been helpful in fighting AIDS in Africa. However, Green said that the use of condoms in the brothels of Thailand was effective. Is it morally wrong to urge prostitutes in the brothels of howard admission Thailand to insist their customers use condoms? If there is really no hope of reflective essay writing eliminating the brothels of book of essay Thailand, is it morally wrong to urge those who run and work in reflective essay writing format, the brothels to do something that will save the lives of the prostitutes, their customers, and their customers' wives?

Remember that Aquinas famously thought prostitution should be tolerated (although not supported). He thought the elimination of prostitution would lead to greater evils. Research Methodology. Isn't it consistent with Catholic thought today that some evils may be tolerated? And would an attempt to reflective, mitigate some of the negative side effects of case administration a tolerated evil be cooperation with evil? The problem with backing the pope in his comments about condoms not being effective in certain situations is that the reflective writing, pope would (it seems) object to the use of condoms even if they would stop the AIDS epidemic dead in its tracks. To what extent should public health policy be determined by Catholic teaching?

In my opinion, if properly understood, completely. However, this complete understanding of Catholic teaching would include when Catholic teaching has nothing to say about the matter. The argument is great opening statements not dishonest at all. Reflective Writing Format. In Africa, HIV is spread through high-risk promiscuous relations in which the essay, partners refuse to use condoms on principle. The solution the essay writing, article advocates is not to persuade people even more aggressively to use condoms but to stop these promiscuous sexual relations. Thailand and book of essay, Cambodia are irrelevant since the condom use in regulated brothels, not among the general population. No, the solution advocated is a combined approach of reducing risky behavior.

That includes using condoms consistently when having sex. Now, an honest presentation of the essay format, argument would be that condom advocacy has had limited effectiveness in Africa. But since the real problem is people having sex with multiple inconsistently protected partners, it's obvious that the Pope's abstinence and great opening essay, monogamy advocacy has failed much harder. Thailand and Cambodia are not irrelevant; the Pope's stance is not that condoms are okay in east-Asia but not Africa. Now, an honest presentation of the format, argument would be that condom advocacy has had limited effectiveness in Africa. This is not true. As Green notes, consistent condom use has not reached a sufficiently high level, even after many years of widespread and often aggressive promotion , to produce a measurable slowing of new infections in the generalized epidemics of howard admission Sub-Saharan Africa.

Also, you say condom advocacy has had limited effectiveness in Africa. Reflective. But according to Green's research, it would be more accurate to say condom advocacy has been ineffective . Brandon, read what I wrote again and great, then modify your comment above to reflect that what I said is exactly true according to the quote you pulled. Also, to judge if advocacy was ineffective we would want to know what happens in the absence of advocacy. Brandon, read what I wrote again and then modify your comment above to reflect that what I said is exactly true according to essay writing, the quote you pulled. You're right. Mea culpa.

I misunderstood your point. It seems we agree that spreading and advocating condoms in Africa has not reduced the spread of case disease. Writing. This has been my main contention since the beginning of this thread. Also, to judge if advocacy was ineffective we would want to know what happens in the absence of advocacy. Ah, now this is interesting, since it implicitly suggests we should stop advocating condoms, if only for book of essay scientific reasons, in order to gauge whether other methods might be more effective. Fine by me. Condoms don't seem to writing format, be working, so we should try something else. Again, this is precisely what the Pope said about the Africa situation. I appreciate the correction. Well, I agree that if we were running a science experiment with no ethical concerns we would want to run each 'treatment' separately and then in combinations. Book Of Essay. Obviously that's not something I suggest we do though.

We actually do have evidence that condom's work well when used properly. So of course does abstinence, although I think the reflective essay writing, evidence that we can get people to be consistently abstinent is rather worse than that we can get them to use condoms. So, again, the evidence isn't that condoms don't seem to anu physics honours, be working, it's that in one region of the world people aren't using them consistently enough to offset the reflective essay writing format, risky behavior that abounds. The expert consensus, from what I can tell, is that we should advocate a multi-pronged approach. People need comprehensive education, they should be encouraged to limit partners if they aren't going to howard admission, use condoms, they should have condoms widely available and essay format, their usage should be properly understood and promoted when people do have sex. Also, let's bear in mind that condoms have other benefits besides limiting HIV infections. Also, let's bear in mind that condoms have other benefits besides limiting HIV infections. They have other dangers besides limiting the spread of HIV. These were outlined clearly way back in 1968 by Pope Paul VI:

Let [us] first consider how easily [contraception] could open wide the methodology for thesis, way for reflective writing marital infidelity and research methodology for thesis, a general lowering of moral standards. Not much experience is needed to be fully aware of human weakness and to understand that human beings—and especially the young, who are so exposed to temptation—need incentives to keep the moral law, and it is an evil thing to make it easy for them to break that law. Another effect that gives cause for alarm is that a man who grows accustomed to writing, the use of contraceptive methods may forget the reverence due to a woman, and, disregarding her physical and emotional equilibrium, reduce her to being a mere instrument for the satisfaction of his own desires, no longer considering her as his partner whom he should surround with care and affection. Finally, careful consideration should be given to the danger of this power passing into the hands of those public authorities who care little for the precepts of the moral law. Who will blame a government which in its attempt to resolve the shame movie essay, problems affecting an entire country resorts to the same measures as are regarded as lawful by married people in the solution of a particular family difficulty? Who will prevent public authorities from reflective essay writing format favoring those contraceptive methods which they consider more effective? Should they regard this as necessary, they may even impose their use on everyone. Opening. It could well happen, therefore, that when people, either individually or in family or social life, experience the inherent difficulties of the divine law and are determined to avoid them, they may give into the hands of reflective essay format public authorities the power to intervene in the most personal and intimate responsibility of husband and wife.

All of this has proved true over research the last fifty years. This is disingenuous to the point of reflective writing dishonesty Really? You know with certainty I'm giving a false impression, on purpose, to the point of deception? I simply cited the leading American expert on this issue with basically no commentary. Next time, please focus on essay the quote instead of my motives. In regards to your own quote, it seems *you* have left out pertinent information. Green notes that in essay writing format, Thailand and Cambodia, the condom promotion has worked primarily because most HIV is transmitted through commercial sex and great opening, where it has been possible to enforce a 100 percent condom use policy in brothels.

The problem is format that this is book of essay a rare and isolated situation. Essay Format. Most STDs spread in Africa the the West are not shared through brothels. Also, even while aware of those two exceptions, Green still maintains that condoms are not the best solution. He notes that condoms *haven't* curbed HIV in movie essay, Africa while faithful mutual monogamy or at least reduction in numbers of reflective writing format partners, especially concurrent ones has. Finally, Green's point in saying consistent condom use has not reached a sufficiently high level, even after many years of widespread and often aggressive promotion was to prove his thesis.

His point was not that *we need more condoms* since people aren't using them. It's that even after dumping boatlods of condoms into Africa, and book of essay, doing everything possible to encourage their use, they still do not curb HIV because of risk compensation, relational dynamics, and reflective, other factors. In other words, the world has done everything it can to promote condoms as a solution in anu physics, Africa. But it's inadequate. It doesn't work. While attractive on reflective essay writing paper, it fails in howard admission essay, practice.

This is exactly what Pope Benedict suggested and Edward Green agrees. Your motive is to support the Church's position. You are disingenuous for leaving out important context. Also, even while aware of those two exceptions, Green still maintains that condoms are not the best solution. Don't misunderstand me; I am not anti-condom.-Green. Again, you are being disingenuous.

Green supports condom usage. Reflective Writing Format. His view is shame essay that it is part of reflective writing format a combined effort to reduce risky behavior. Obviously that includes reducing the number of sexual partners if one isn't going to use condoms consistently. (Even if you are, reducing partners helps the odds of course.) Note that Green's examples of successful programs include 'faithful polygamy' and monogamous relationships but nothing about marriage per se. Cambodia and Thailand are indeed sociologically different from Africa but they aren't exceptions, they are examples of shame essay condom usage working despite otherwise risky behavior. Reflective Essay Format. So if the Pope's position is that we should promote condom-usage along with other risk-reducing behaviors, then he agrees with the consensus of howard admission experts. Here's a thought. What if it were shown that actually, recommending condom use does reduce the rate of HIV infection and that telling people to avoid condoms results in higher rates. But also that the use of contraception is reflective essay writing a sin. What would you say then about the essay, morality of the essay writing format, Pope's actions? I admit that I am not familiar with the research, but I say this because it does seem to me like Catholics cannot accept this good public health advice because of an arbitrary command of their God. The Centre for Disease Control says 'Latex condoms, when used consistently and correctly, are highly effective in preventing the sexual transmission of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

If anyone feels the need to talk about the issue of HIV and condoms, the admission, only moral thing to say is that, if used properly, they can be very effective in essay, preventing the spread. That is studies administration my moral position. The problem with touting Edward C. Green as an authority who backs the pope is essay writing that Green fully supports the use of anu physics thesis condoms where they have been shown to be effective, for reflective essay format example, in the brothels of Thailand. Green is great opening statements essay making an argument based on what works, and he supports the use of condoms where they work. He fully supports the ABC approach (abstain, be faithful, use condoms). The pope and the Catholic Church do not support condom use even when and where it is reflective effective and can save lives. This is because the Church can never say, don't fornicate, but if you do, use condoms. I don't see why not. Opening. Can't the Church say, Don't sin, but if you do, go to confession? That is not an reflective essay endorsement of sinning.

Can't a Catholic teacher of research methodology Driver's Ed say, Of course, you should never drink to excess, but if you do drink too much, don't drive! Is that a mixed message? Is the concept of having a designated driver evil, because it allows everyone but one person to drink to excess? The Church is always using the excuse about not wanting to send mixed messages. The Church should be able to communicate well enough with adults that its messages are clear. Why can't it say, Sex outside of marriage is a sin, but having sex outside of marriage that risks transmitting a deadly virus is two sins. Why can't it say, Sex outside of reflective essay writing marriage is howard admission a sin, but having sex outside of marriage that risks transmitting a deadly virus is two sins. Ironically, this is almost exactly what Pope Benedict said a couple years back in essay writing, his book-length interview, Light of the World.

When asked about whether two gay men engaged in intercourse, one of statements them HIV-positive, could licitly use a condom to prevent the spread of disease, the pope, while not necessarily endorsing it as moral behavior, said it would be a step in essay, a more moral direction. His point was that in that specific situation, the statements, condom is not a contraceptive device. Therefore it doesn't commit the sin of distorting the sexual act. It's clear the essay writing, *only* reason two people would use a condom in essay, that situation is to prevent the spread of disease, a completely noble desire. I think your analogy breaks down at the very beginning. The parallel to Don't fornicate, but if you do, use a condom is not Don't sin, but if you do, go to confession because going to confession is not a further sin but condom use is. Reflective Writing. Also, consider, Sex outside of marriage is great opening statements essay a sin, but having sex outside of marriage with a condom is essay writing format two sins. . . . . because going to thesis, confession is not a further sin but condom use is. Are you honestly saying that those having sex outside of marriage who use contraceptives are more sinful than those having sex outside of marriage who don't use contraceptives. First, I don't know the reflective format, calculus of multiple mortal sins and don't really want to go there. I also don't know that it is a sin to conceive a child outside of wedlock.

The act that causes the conception certainly is great opening a sin, but I don't know that actually getting pregnant is another sin. If it isn't, then yes, fornication with contraception is worse than fornication without. Brandon. you're ignoring important points of reflective writing that Washington Post Article. (Green's) comments are only about the question of condoms working to stem the opening essay, spread of AIDS in Africa's generalized epidemics -- nowhere else. ie. not necessarily true anywhere else, nor do they address one way or the other how condoms might have had an effect on other issues such as unwanted pregnancies.

In a 2008 article in reflective, Science called Reassessing HIV Prevention 10 AIDS experts concluded that consistent condom use has not reached a sufficiently high level, even after many years of widespread and anu physics honours thesis, often aggressive promotion, to produce a measurable slowing of new infections in the generalized epidemics of Sub-Saharan Africa. Which seems to imply that access to the physical condom alone without the proper efforts to educate people about using them consistently might be the problem. Reflective Format. It's like giving a computer to an accountant to research methodology, better keep their books without training them how to use it. Efforts to provide proper and thorough sex education to 3rd world countries have been stifled by the moral teachings of the church. True that in this very specific instance the reflective essay format, lack of education combined with risk compensation social stigmata that a condom represents a lack of trust have shown that the availability of condoms alone appears to not have had the positive effects seen elsewhere, so in a sense the church can claim a truth victory or sorts in great statements, a very narrow sense. But one sample, one that has a variety of essay writing additional contributing factors and is specific to simply HIV infection rates, is not indicative of a trend, especially in light of the many examples where contraception proper education have helped lower rates.

To ignore the effects elsewhere or leave out case in healthcare points that provide a more thorough picture via proper context is deceptive, dishonest and ironic in format, a conversation about the ethics of lying. I want to take a brief moment to address this question, because I am disappointed as to how this has been dealt with here on this site. Brandon, as he notes below, advised me to essay, revise this passage because he felt it would derail the comments. I trusted the intelligence and good will of the audience, and format, the skill of the moderators of this site, to redirect people to the purpose of the piece, but also agreed to in healthcare administration, revise the passage if Brandon thought it would derail the conversation on lying. I was surprised then, that immediately after my offering to revise this passage, and before the essay, stated publication date, my piece was published, without my having made the modification suggested. I am further surprised to see Brandon not encourage commenters to stay on topic, and essay, rather to see him perpetuate the discussion here by essay writing selectively quoting some articles relevant to a small subset of the book of essay, contraception issue. This has led, as he predicted, to format, a fruitless side discussion in which quotes from scientists are mined by Catholic apologists to support their pre-conceived conclusion (for instance, I can find no non-Catholic source whatsoever for the quote, attributed to Edward C Green, that We have found no consistent associations between condom use and lower HIV-infection rates.). Therefore, I'm not going to engage in the discussion of contraception here. Anu Physics. I will, however, make a statement relevant to my argument regarding lying:

Note that my analogy was intended to demonstrate the weaknesses of a rules-based morality when compared with one which recognizes moral complexity and is open to renegotiation in the light of new evidence. Essay Format. That Kevin, above, asks for evidence to studies in healthcare administration, support my claim - seemingly in the hope that I will not be able to provide any - is an reflective writing format ironic demonstration of my point. If he accepts that we should make our judgment regarding the ethics of contraception based on evidence as to anu physics honours thesis, whether a given approach is harming people or not, he has already accepted my main point: that ethics should be based on reflective writing format the welfare of persons, and not on preconceived ethical rules. He has, in effect, taken a Humanist position to ethics by making this very inquiry. The Catholic approach to the issue - even if it is the correct approach - frequently proceeds from a different set of movie essay assumptions about morality. Namely, such approaches often appeal to god-given rules, or to a teleological conception regarding the god-given purpose of various human behaviors. Note, for instance, that some of the comments below from Catholic apologists turn on some conception of what sex is for, rather than whether it is beneficial to essay writing format, people. This is great statements not a question which has any relevance to the Humanist: behaviors do not have a purpose in that sense, and the only questions which are relevant relate, ethically speaking, are whether the behaviors promote welfare or not. Reflective Essay Writing. To ask whether a more permissive attitude toward contraception has increased or decreased human welfare is to ask a Humanist question - one very much in line with the ethical approach I outline in my piece above. I guess you assume the two will give different answers.

That is if we follow God perfectly or do what is best perfectly we won't end up doing the essay, same thing. Essay Writing. My feeling is that what God wants and what is best are the same thing. Now a humanist has a huge problem is defining human welfare. It is admission essay a word with embedded morality. To use it to define what is moral becomes a bit of a question begging exercise. But if you defined welfare or goodness the same way God does you would find that God's commands don't violate that.

The question then becomes which system is likely to do better. That is are we likely to get closer to the ideal by discerning what is good for human welfare or are we likely to get closer to that same ideal by asking what would be pleasing to God? It seems to reflective, me that God's commands are given precisely because we are likely to shame movie, get the answer wrong without them. We are told not to lie because we tend to lie. We rationalize that behavior based on humanist principles and end up in immorality. Rationalization seem like it kills humanism. That is reflective essay writing format because we all know we can twist logic to convince ourselves what is bad is actually good.

You suggest yourself Catholics have done that on the contraception question. The point is that humanism fails unless you are above that sort of thing. I don't think any human is. I think you might be misunderstanding Catholic moral theology. Natural law moral principles are based on human nature. Acting against human nature will harm human beings. That is the essay, legitimate link between moral principles and reflective writing, their effects on anu physics thesis human welfare. You should not be surprised if some Catholic moral reasoning sounds humanistic. We have been humanists since the Incarnation. Pope Paul VII pointed out the harm that would come to society if the natural law truth about human sexuality was violated. Essay Format. Principles and their effects go hand in essay, hand.

No, I think I understand it quite well. I am arguing that the concept of human nature is a problematic and reflective essay, unnecessary one. Welfare should be the guide. We need not appeal to a teleological conception of human nature - which is almost always highly selective in opening statements essay, its description of humanity - to make ethical judgments. Natural law is writing another example of an a priori ethical concept which has no relevance and warps ethical reasoning. We must take human beings as we find them, and ask what promotes our welfare, regardless of book of essay any preconceived notions of essay our nature. So you are another one of these throw everything out and shame essay, start over with an untested theory which will lead to essay writing, who knows what horrors? How will you know what is welfare and what is a crime against anu physics thesis humanity unless you have an adequate idea of what a human being is?

I'm not sure where you got that from my response. My argument is to use our best evidence drawn from millennia of ethical experience. Far from throwing everything out we must use everything we have learnt throughout a history of oppression and the struggle for essay greater freedom. As for determining what promotes human welfare, one of the great things about people is that they are able to articulate what they desire, and we are able to think through many of the factors which may be shaping their desires. I do not think many ethical questions to be as mysterious as some philosophers like to make them. Human beings are animals with basic physical and great statements, psychological desires, and satisfying those should be our first ethical priority. After that, we must seek to create societies which maximize each individual's opportunity to flourish while minimizing the potential for reflective essay writing format the actions of one to harm another. I don't find this a particularly complex philosophical proposition - it is the praxis which is case studies administration hard.

So what's your problem with natural law? Here's a practical problem. Is it moral for a woman to terminate the reflective essay writing format, life of her unborn child who has Down Syndrome? As to great, the first question, a lot hinges on who's interpretation of reflective writing format natural law you take. Some versions might be compatible with my ethical outlook, while others are certainly not. As for your second question, I think that depends on a lot of honours thesis contextual factors: most significantly the age of the developing human. No fixed rule is going to be able to give an answer which is generalizable to all situations. How will you know what is reflective essay writing format welfare and what is a crime against humanity unless you have an adequate idea of what a human being is? I'm not sure of the force of the question.

Presumably determining which objects merit our moral regard, and to what degree, is research a question which must be answered by every meta ethical approach. My response is essay writing that evidence and reason is the only way to come to a defensible answer to those questions. I read your answer as It depends. To defend the anu physics, human being against raw power (in this case a defenseless unborn defective child), we need a foundation for essay format human dignity. Can your meta ethic come up with one? I was surprised then, that immediately after my offering to shame essay, revise this passage, and before the stated publication date, my piece was published, without my having made the reflective essay writing format, modification suggested. To be clear, James, this is somewhat misleading. You sent me the article on July 11. I emailed you three days later about the contraception line, noting that many Catholics would disagree and honours thesis, that I'm worried it will divert attention from the rest of essay your great article.

Finally, more than a month later, on August 17, you replied saying, Where are we on this article? Is it published already? I might be able to find another example, but this one seems to me absolutely indisputable if you look at the facts. On Monday, August 19, I replied saying I'm planning to launch the three-part series tomorrow (8/20). Deacon Jim's article will go first, yours on Wednesday (8/21), and Leah's on Thursday (8/22). Howard Essay. I also noted, If I don't hear from you before Thursday, I'll run your piece as-is. Writing Format. But if you'd like to edit that part, just send me an great opening essay updated version and I'd be happy to make the change. You responded a few hours later saying, Ill come up with a different example while I examine these studies in more detail. But I didn't hear from you over essay writing format the next three days and assumed you had simply chosen not to alter your original article.

I published it as-is on great Wednesday, August 21, just as I said I would. Therefore, it's misleading to suggest I posted your article immediately after you offered to revise this passage, as if somehow I didn't give you ample freedom (and encouragement) to remove it. And it's simply wrong to suggest I posted your piece before the stated publication date. Reflective Essay Writing. I told you I would post it on Wednesday (8/21) and that's precisely when I posted it. So far no one seems to have any comments disagreeing with this Humanistic morality with respect to lying. I take it to mean that after two days of this series, the Catholic church isn't sure how do deal with lying all the honours, time and neither are humanists. But both seem to think it is reflective essay writing immoral to lie when there are negative human consequences rather than avoiding negative human consequences. Where is the theist aspect of theistic morality?

What do you mean by theistic aspect of theistic morality? How do theists apply morality different than humanists when it comes to lying. Admission. We are constantly told that theistic morality is superior because it somehow is based on objective morality? Well where is this objective morality? How do theists access it in order to know when to lie? We agree, it is wrong to kill, unless it is not. It is wrong to lie, unless it is justified. The justifications are always human. Reflective Essay Writing. What is wrong with the moral approach to essay, lying set out above?

What is missing from it, and why is the missing piece important? Let's go back to basics. The Catholic Church believes in essay writing format, the natural law, which every human being can know by properly looking at the reality of for thesis human nature. So there is no reason why a humanist could not discover it. Essay Format. In fact, we could say that the first humanists to discover the natural law were Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Shame Movie Essay. This is the objective reality that Catholics and right-minded humanists refer to.

Verry good questions--as I mentioned in my post, I really don't think we Catholics and essay format, humanists/atheists are too far apart on this one. Movie Essay. Instead, we're all needing to apply basic moral principles to specific concrete cases. Reflective Writing Format. I'm looking forward to part three of the series tomorrow for additional insights. And, as the above discussion of contraception shows, a Humanistic approach reigns there too: consider the evidence, and do what works to reduce human suffering. What is so interesting about these debates is how deeply Humanistic ethical assumptions have pervaded even the mightiest bastions of honours faith! And, as the above discussion of contraception shows, a Humanistic approach reigns there too: consider the evidence, and do what works to reflective, reduce human suffering. What is so interesting about these debates is book of essay how deeply Humanistic ethical assumptions have pervaded even the mightiest bastions of faith! Or perhaps the other way around :) Catholics had been reducing suffering for centuries before Humanism showed up on reflective format the scene. That may be true (and I'm perfectly willing to accept it) - but my point was meta-ethical, not practical. My point is that the book of essay, method of ethical reasoning on display here is Humanistic, and essay writing format, that this is in great opening statements essay, very stark contrast to the types of ethical reasoning traditionally related to religious perspectives. If you read the sort of ethical reasoning on display from many leaders in traditional faith communities today - even progressive ones - you will often hear methods of reflective essay format ethical reasoning which do not put human welfare at the center.

And that, to me, is a distinct problem. Two points: Croft's attempt to honours thesis, define a lie is unnecessarily awkward. And although good will is an excellent way to explain the principle, there remains unreasonable bias against the lie. I would also say that this is a topic that should only be discussed by accomplished liars. A lie is an essay writing intentional deceit. Attempting to relate it to what, if anything, is spoken muddies the definition. I have, on occasion, deliberately brought my credibility and/or impartiality into question and then flatly stated the completely accurate and great opening essay, relevant truth. It's an especially effective method, leaving your adversaries without the slightest doubt that they have the full truth in essay writing, mind despite your best effort to mislead them.

On the second point. Admission Essay. You inform your allies and you mislead your adversaries. Essay Writing Format. If your design is moral, then so are your statements when earnestly made to reach those moral objectives. With this said, it may at first seem that you should lie half the time and be accurate the movie, other half, but in writing, fact, the bias goes to accuracy for three reasons: First, you talk to your allies more often than your adversaries. Second, when talking to you adversaries, many of honours thesis your statements should be accurate so that your lies will be believed.

Third, if the situation is ambiguous, leading with useful, accurate, but safe information is more likely to lead to a friendlier (more ally-filled) world. One more item. If I have convinced you that there is no moral issue with lying, you may still prefer to firmly hold to the position that lying is very bad and should only be used in the most extreme situations. Not only reflective format, will this enhance your credibility in essay, some circles, it may influence others to tell the truth more often themselves. I would also say that this is a topic that should only be discussed by writing accomplished liars. But then why would we believe their answers? I don't think I attempted to book of essay, define a lie. Indeed this was one of my primary points! It seems that the big difference between the Catholic and non-religious position on reflective essay format this issue is one of authority. Book Of Essay. The end-point is the same for now, but may not be in the future.

James Croft says that lying is acceptable in cases when good will runs up against truthfulness. Jim Russell says that lying is acceptable in some cases justified by essay writing format the common good (or natural law), as long as no official Church declaration is shame made to reflective essay, the contrary. Any Catholic who agrees with Jim Russell but disagrees with my assessment, answer this question: If Vatican III (or whatever new ecumenical council) dogmatically declares that lying is always wrong, will you change your mind on lying? Any Catholic who agrees with Jim Russell but disagrees with my assessment, answer this question: If Vatican III (or whatever new ecumenical council) dogmatically declares that lying is always wrong, will you change your mind on lying? That's a very interesting question, Paul. I'm partial to book of essay, Augustine/Aquinas/most of Catholic tradition on reflective essay format this--in believing that lying is statements intrinsically and reflective essay writing format, always wrong--so such a pronouncement wouldn't affect me. But I'd be interested to hear from other Catholics.

I'm reminded in great opening statements, this discussion of writing sitting in movie, a session with a Buddhist scholar, who, when peppered with a mess of ethical conundrums introduced me to the phrase, killing the fish to feed the writing format, dog. Opening Statements Essay. His point was that the complexities of life present us with moral tragedies where we're coerced between choosing wrong and wrong. The challenge (from his perspective) is to avoid either the complacency of patting ourselves on the back for our cleverness in using moral calculus for minimum suffering, or the despondency of obsessing over individual tragedies. These things happen, and they have consequences that need to be dealt with. I have to agree with the point of view represented here. Judging the format, ethicality of a lie should be in a case by case scenario.

You cannot simply settle for opening one rule on lying such as Deacon Jim’s; there are instances where this rule conflicts with morals for it to be true all the time. In the reflective essay, textbook, “Ethics in Human Communication” by Richard Johannesen, Kathleen Valde, and Karen Whedbee, they discuss the excuses usually used to essay, make a lie permissible. “Among the higher goods frequently used to justify a lie are: avoiding harm to ourselves or others; producing benefits for others; promoting fairness and justice; and protecting the essay writing format, truth by case studies counteracting another lie, by furthering some more important truth, or by reflective preserving the confidence of case administration others in our own truthfulness” (Johannesen et al., 104). Bringing these cases into the light, they can be seen as ethical or unethical in a case by case situation. Ethical or not, we as humans use these excuses; That is just how we have grown to act. Johannesen, R. L., Valde, K. S., Whedbee, K. E. (2008). Ethics in Human Communication. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press. Who gets to decide on when an excuse is sufficient to make a lie permissible?

Who gets to reflective essay writing, decide on when an shame essay excuse is sufficient to make a lie permissible? If you don't make the decision for yourself, who makes it for you? The decision maker actualizes the decision in writing, both instances. Book Of Essay. The religionist however has a framework of presumed objective moral imperatives, a narrative of ultimate accountability, of being created in essay writing, the image of God, of the great opening, inherent value and meaning of essay writing format creation, of howard ultimate accountability. The non-believer generally operates without that framework. The decision maker actualizes the decision in both instances. I'm not sure what that's supposed to mean, but it sounds Aristotelian, and I don't accept Aristotelianism.

The non-believer generally operates without that framework. Not entirely. Essay Format. Most of us non-believers are quite committed to the notion of an individual's ultimate accountability for their behavior. Ultimately accountable in what way? Accountable to what or to whom? We all live in one society or another. Great Opening. Those societies hold us to account. I don't think that is what is usually meant by reflective essay writing format ultimate accountability. Aren't human societies fairly ephemeral, in the grand scheme of the universe? I see no reason to think the universe has any grand scheme.

In this context, I take ultimate to mean final. I believe society is the final arbiter of research for thesis my life. To fulfill that role, ephemeral though my society could be, it needs to reflective essay writing format, survive only as long as I do. I believe society is the book of essay, final arbiter of reflective essay my life Even if society judges you unfairly? (Or is society's judgement fair by definition in your view?) For most of my life, society has been judging me in ways that I haven't liked at case studies in healthcare all. It would be really nice if I could look forward to another life in which I would be compensated for that, but I can't believe it's going to happen just because of format how much it please me if it did.

Whether you will be in any sense compensated is really a separate question, I think. My question is whether you think that society's judgement of your life is / will be (at least partly) incorrect. If society's judgement of you is at least partly incorrect, that logically entails some higher standard, according to which society's judgements may themselves be judged. If society's judgement of you is at opening essay least partly incorrect, that logically entails some higher standard, according to which society's judgements may themselves be judged. It might or might not be useful to call it a higher standard. I don't believe it is a transcendental standard.

Call it what you want. Essay. If society can be wrong in its judgements of people, then there must be some vantage point, or perspective, or whatever, from which it is possible to methodology, judge society's judgements. So again, call it what you want, it still logically implies that society is not the writing, final arbiter of the rightness or wrongness of the decisions that you make with your life. I meant that society was final arbiter in the sense of having the last word during my lifetime, since I don't have the means to oppose any decision it makes. A subsequent generation, if it should be aware of how society treated me, might agree with my judgment that I was not fairly treated, but that won't do me any good now. I don't see how the honours thesis, judgment of any transcendent authority, even if there is one, could make a difference unless that authority has the power to writing, give me a new life after this one and to anu physics thesis, compensate me for how I was treated in this one. But again, I'm not talking about whether it does you any good. I'm just trying to flesh out the logical consequences of what you already believe, whether those consequences are good or bad. Yes, OK, a future generation can potentially cast judgement on the judgements of the present generation. That's just kicking the writing format, can down the road.

Is it possible that future generations will be wrong about you as well? If so, then your thinking logically implies some notion of wrongness that is not tethered to what societies (past, present, and future) think. But again, I'm not talking about whether it does you any good. I'm just trying to flesh out the logical consequences of what you already believe, whether those consequences are good or bad. In my worldview, when it comes to my ethical principles, the only logical consequences that matter are whether they are consistent with everything else I believe. I'm not looking for any other validation because I see no reason to believe that another source of validation exists. the only book of essay, logical consequences that matter are whether they are consistent with everything else I believe.

That's all that I'm trying to investigate. Do you not see any logical inconsistency between. Society is the final arbiter of the rightness or wrongness of the way that I have lived my life. Society could be wrong in its assessment of the writing, rightness or wrongness of the way that I have lived my life. Do you not see any logical inconsistency between.

Society is the final arbiter of the rightness or wrongness of the way that I have lived my life. Society could be wrong in its assessment of the rightness or wrongness of the way that I have lived my life. I see the apparent inconsistency. Howard Admission Essay. I tried to resolve it. Perhaps my explanation lacked sufficient clarity. I’ll try again. It goes to the sense of “final arbiter” where the sense has to do with the ontological status of essay format ethical principles. If those principles exist independently of any human mind, then no human person or group of people can be the final arbiter of any ethical issue. But if those principles are, as I believe them to be, human judgments and nothing more, then the final arbiter is anu physics whichever person or group has the power, in case of any disagreement, to make their judgment prevail over anyone else’s judgment. Reflective Essay Writing. Their judgment is final in that sense only. It did not mean final in the sense of “no longer subject to essay, dispute.”

In the writing, United States, the U.S. Supreme Court is the final arbiter of book of essay constitutional disputes. At any given time, the Constitution means whatever a majority of the justices say it means. In 1896, the court’s majority declared in Plessy v. Ferguson that the Constitution neither contained nor implied any prohibition as such against Southern laws segregating the races. The court’s ruling was, in format, effect, the final word on the matter until 1954. In that year, the same court, although comprising different people, had a contrary final word. Prevailing public opinion nowadays is that the justices in 1896 were simply mistaken. A minority view is honours that Plessy was the right decision at reflective format the time, considering the nation’s historical racial situation, and only became wrong when the nation’s racial attitudes became sufficiently enlightened. In either case, at the present moment in history, the final word declares racial segregation to be constitutionally impermissible.

Is there, or was there ever, an objective fact of the matter, such that that fact would be the actual final arbiter? I think not. The only objective fact is that the anu physics honours, Constitution contains a certain statement in certain words including “equal protection of the laws” regarding limits to the authority of state governments. The meaning of that statement is for writing format us, the book of essay, users of the reflective writing, language in which it was written, to decide. Research For Thesis. I can decide what it means to reflective essay, me, anyone else can decide what it means for research methodology them. Reflective Format. The language belongs to none of thesis us individually. But we have agreed as a society that in reflective, certain situations, the only decision that matters is that of a majority of the anu physics honours, justices currently serving on the Supreme Court. Any of reflective us is free to book of essay, disagree with the court at reflective essay writing any time. Many Americans disagree fervently with court’s decision in howard admission, Roe v. Wade , but the court had the final word in 1973 and, for the time being, it remains the reflective essay writing, final word so far as the law is concerned. Legality does not have to case studies administration, imply moral acceptability.

The interpretation of any legal document is a matter of judgment, and at reflective essay any given time, somebody’s judgment has to be final, but we need not treat any final judgment as the only possible correct judgment, and we need not suppose that there is some objective fact as to what that correct judgment is. In Healthcare. Judgments are more or less defensible, depending on the persuasiveness of the arguments offered in reflective essay writing, their support. Sometimes we need to let somebody—a final arbiter—have the last word, but we remain free as individuals to disagree with the final arbiter; and, as time passes and new people have to live with the anu physics honours, consequences of the final arbiter’s decision, they can ask a new final arbiter to essay, reconsider the previous decision. the final arbiter is whichever person or group has the power, in case of any disagreement, to make their judgment prevail over anyone else’s judgment. That is howard essay a pretty clear articulation of might makes right, is it not? For the format, sake of argument, I'm open to the possibility that might does indeed make right, but let me first see if you want to create any white space between your position and the might makes right position.

U.S. Supreme Court is the final arbiter of constitutional disputes. Right. They can reject laws by appealing to a document with greater authority, the Constitution. Legality does not have to imply moral acceptability.

Right, that's why your comments about constitutionality seem irrelevant, unless there is some sort of analogy that you can create here. We can rationally argue against laws by appealing to the Constitution :: We can rationally argue that a state of methodology affairs is reflective essay writing immoral by appealing to . what? Or is there no rational way to argue that a state of affairs is immoral, and we just call things immoral when they don't correspond to the opinions of whichever person or group has the honours thesis, power, in case of any disagreement, to make their judgment prevail over writing format anyone else’s judgment ? That is a pretty clear articulation of might makes right, is it not? I can understand why it might seem so, but no, I don’t believe it is. It would be “might makes right” if I were claiming that whatever decision was reached by the prevailing party was always the right decision, but I’m not claiming that. Legality does not have to imply moral acceptability. Right, that's why your comments about constitutionality seem irrelevant, unless there is some sort of analogy that you can create here. The analogy arises from the fact that legal decisions and moral decisions are both matters of judgment, not of fact. We can rationally argue against laws by appealing to the Constitution. But the argument is over how the Constitution should be interpreted, and a matter of interpretation is studies a matter of judgment.

We can rationally argue that a state of affairs is immoral by format appealing to . what? To our moral values. If we believe human life has moral value, then we will judge certain states of affairs to be morally unacceptable and howard admission essay, others to be morally unacceptable. Likewise, if we believe that any diminution of human suffering has moral value, then we will judge certain states of affairs to be morally unacceptable, but if we believe that certain kinds of reflective essay format human suffering have moral value, then we will judge some of essay those same states of affairs to be morally acceptable. Or is reflective essay there no rational way to argue that a state of admission essay affairs is immoral, and we just call things immoral when they don't correspond to the opinions of whichever person or group has the power, in case of any disagreement, to writing, make their judgment prevail over anyone else’s judgment I have my own criteria for judging the moral acceptability of any state of affairs, and in honours thesis, general those criteria make no reference to the opinions of people in power. [We appeal to] our moral values. Aren't our moral values themselves based on judgements? Can't those judgements themselves be wrong? And if so, from what frame of reference can those judgements themselves be judged to be wrong?

Aren't our moral values themselves based on judgements? In my worldview, our moral values are themselves just judgments. Can't those judgements themselves be wrong? We do or don't value certain things and we live our lives accordingly. The result will be a certain quality of life. Essay. If we find the howard, quality of our lives unsatisfactory we should consider the possibility that we need to change our values. I think it's illogical to writing format, value things that make us unhappy. OK, so we can judge the way that you live your life by appealing to moral values, and we can judge those moral values by appealing to book of essay, the happiness that results when those values are pursued.

In that case it sounds to me like the reflective essay format, ultimate arbiter of the way that you live your life is you, since you are best able to assess your own happiness. Or do we need to appeal to book of essay, some sort of collective societal happiness? The interests of society are inseparable from my own interests. Yeah, I agree with that, as long as interests is reflective essay writing format sufficiently caveated. At a superficial level, I have an interest in book of essay, eating a nice juicy steak a couple times a week. Format. That carnivorous interest is howard admission pretty surely at odds with society's interest of reducing world hunger and preventing ecological catastrophe. Reflective Writing. Of course, at a deeper level, I share those societal interests, and I think it makes sense to case studies administration, judge my superficial interests by format appealing to my deeper interests. Shame Essay. Would you agree with that?

If so, I think the chain of reflective command is shaping up along the lines of: 1. We can rationally judge the way you live your life by appealing to in healthcare, moral values. 2. We can rationally judge moral values by appealing to the consequences of pursuing those moral values, and essay writing format, whether those consequences are in thesis, our interest. 3. We can rationally judge our superficial interests by appealing to some sort of deeper, more communally defined interest. Essay Format. (That's a bit vague, but I'm fine with some ambiguity; if you want to make that more precise, please do.) So if we are nearing then end of the line, then what is the nature of this deeper, more communally defined interest? Does this deeper societal interest correspond in any way to shame movie, the neo-Platonic transcendentals of truth, love, justice, beauty, being? 3. We can rationally judge our superficial interests by appealing to essay format, some sort of deeper, more communally defined interest. (That's a bit vague, but I'm fine with some ambiguity; if you want to anu physics honours thesis, make that more precise, please do.) I'm OK with some vagueness.

I think humanity's ethical instincts are still evolving, and so nobody should claim to essay format, have worked out an ethical moral code in complete detail. I hesitate to subordinate either personal or social interests to the other. I probably need society more than society needs me, but a society that devalues the interests of anu physics any of its members won't be a maximally healthy society. There will be conflicts, but they need to judged case by case. unless that authority has the power to give me a new life after this one and to compensate me for how I was treated in this one. What if that authority does exist with those powers, would you be receptive to that judgement? What if that authority does exist with those powers, would you be receptive to that judgement? I think it unlikely that I would have a choice.

Good point. Although the reflective essay writing format, way I understand it, denying that you should expect that judgement is the only way to admission essay, receive the harshest sentence. That's what I've often heard. Fortunately for my peace of mind, I've never also heard a good reason to believe it. And even if it is reflective essay writing true, there is nothing rational I can do about it. Book Of Essay. If, in the judgment of the ruler of the universe, my skepticism deserves eternal punishment, then people like me are simply without hope. Reflective Format. Our doubt is, in effect, the unforgivable sin. I am sorry to hear about research for thesis that experience, Doug. I suppose that society in general and us Christians in particular can be very judgmental.

That sense you have of justice after death, another life - why do you think so many of us have that? Where does it come from? Does it have any evolutionary benefit? Or is it a call from somewhere, a call to come home? Just like our wishes do not create reality, so should we also be careful in not being numb to reflective essay writing, those wishes. They may be trying to tell us something. That sense you have of justice after death, another life - why do you think so many of us have that? Why do you think these notions are not to research, be found in the Old Testament? Firstly, I do think that there are traces of reflective writing a need for essay justice and accountability in sections of the OT. The Israelites in captivity started sensing this need, a lot of the prophets hint at some retribution, some accountability in the future. This may not be in the traditional (to us) Heaven matrix, but the hints are there.

Secondly, I believe that God is writing working with humanity in case studies in healthcare, a slow, patient way. We are not made perfect, we are allowed to grow in that direction. Things are revealed to us gradually, through science, through our consciousness and our consciences. Maybe those ideas had to be discovered, developed over time. Maybe those ideas had to be discovered, developed over time.

In particular, maybe something unique in history happened between the OT and the NT that would have triggered an aha moment :-) I'm not sure what you mean here, but New Testament times in my understanding stretch back to include the events recounted in the New Testament, not just the times in which the books of the New Testament were composed. Christian ideas about life after death do not come from the Old Testament, but from strains of Jewish thought after the close of Old Testament times, some of which did not make it into reflective mainstream Judaism. For example, it is studies clear from the New Testament that some Jewish factions believed in reflective, the resurrection of the dead and some did not. Christian ideas about life after death do not come from the Old Testament. I think that is a very substantial oversimplification. Research Methodology For Thesis. It seems more fair to say that there are both continuities and discontinuities between Jewish (Second Temple Jewish, let's say) and Christian ideas about the afterlife. In other words, some elements of Christian thought about life after death do not derive from the reflective format, Old Testament. Of course, if you accept N.T.

Wright's arguments (as I generally do), then many Christian ideas about life after death do not derive from the New Testament either! Christian ideas about great statements life after death do not come from the Old Testament, but from essay writing format strains of case studies in healthcare administration Jewish thought after the writing format, close of Old Testament times, some of which did not make it into book of essay mainstream Judaism. This again seems like an essay format oversimplification. Book Of Essay. From what we can tell, there are both continuities and discontinuities in the ways that resurrection was envisioned / understood by those pre-Christian Jewish sects and the way it was understood by essay the early Christian Church. I meant to suggest that the discontinuities could potentially be explained by some sort of outward historical event that triggered a very specific change in thinking about research methodology for thesis what the resurrection would be like (as opposed to explaining the discontinuities in reflective essay, terms of the subjective whimsy of administration early Christian authors).

I wrote my comments about the differences between the Old Testament and the New Testament regarding the afterlife in response to this comment from Lazarus: That sense you have of justice after death, another life - why do you think so many of essay format us have that? My point is that in Old Testament times, this sense of final (and eternal) reward and punishment was absent. It would take a book (which I am not competent to write) to do the subject justice, but for shame movie essay my purposes here, I think it is sufficient to point out that those of us having this discussion here have an idea of final justice and eternal reward and punishment not because such ideas are natural and inborn, but because we have been raised Christian. In a book-length treatment of the subject, it would surely possible to essay writing, find (particularly in later Old Testament works) hints of in healthcare what was to develop in reflective essay writing, later Judaism. However, the idea of dying and going to book of essay, heaven (or hell) is simply not to be found in the Old Testament. Whatever reward for devotion to essay, God was expected by Old Testament figures, it was expected either in this life or for their descendants (or Israel). I am working somewhat without a net here, but when Job is urged to curse God and die, I think the idea is clear that Job could end his suffering by goading God into killing him. There is no hint of an admission essay afterlife in such an idea.

I would be very interested if you or anyone could point out the writing format, case of an Old Testament figure who expects there to be an case in healthcare administration afterlife either for him/herself or anyone else. Whatever reward for devotion to God was expected by Old Testament figures, it was expected either in this life or for their descendants (or Israel). That seems like a reasonable way to put it, but that's a good bit different from saying that there was no sense of a final justice and harmony that God would bring about. Just to take one of the more famous examples, I understand that Isaiah 11:6-9 is describing a vision of a mostly-this-worldly perhaps-not-eternal kingship. Reflective Essay Writing Format. Nonetheless: it is holding out for a glorious day when God will set things right, and superabundantly so.

To suggest that that semi-eschatological vision doesn't enjoy substantial continuity with later Christian eschatology would be, I think, wrong. (Perhaps you didn't intend to movie, suggest any such thing.) those of us having this discussion here have an idea of reflective format final justice and movie, eternal reward and punishment not because such ideas are natural and reflective, inborn, but because we have been raised Christian. To put it mildly, that is not obvious to me. Secondly, I believe that God is anu physics working with humanity in a slow, patient way. I don't see how God can work patiently, since as I understand the Christian conception of God, he exists in some kind of eternal now and does not experience before and reflective essay writing format, after. Also, it seems to me that Revelation in Judaism and Christianity does not come incrementally, but in major bursts, the last of which (for believing Catholics) was the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus. As I keep noting, the Catholic belief is that Revelation ended with the death of the last apostle. Anu Physics Thesis. Anything new in reflective, the past 2000 years has allegedly been deduced from what was already known. As for the idea of God gradually leading mankind along, I see problems with that.

For one thing, a great deal of God's commands in the Old Testament make no sense. Shame Movie. The ritual and ceremonial requirements (e.g., don't eat pork, don't weave cloth with two kinds of material, stay away from menstruating women) were obeyed basically without understanding. If God could give arbitrary commands back in Old Testament times, why couldn't he have prohibited slavery, even if that seemed bewildering at the time and only gradually came to be understood as fundamental human morality? I think it is clearly true that a great deal developed over the last 2000 years (or 4000 years), but aside from the great bursts of Revelation (principally Moses and Jesus), I don't see that the developments were nudged along by reflective essay God. For the believing Catholic those nudges need not come from prophets or from God's incarnation. Research Methodology. They may be there in the image of God, in our conscience, our very minds. Essay Writing Format. That is why so few of us are Biblical literalists.

God speaks to us in many ways. Some of what we hear are our own wishes and goals. The trick lies in discernment. We do see a moral arc to the universe, do we not? A gradual improvement- as if we are guided. Either that or our blind, indifferent universe has inadvertently led to this clear improvement, and continues to for thesis, do so. I continue to be surprised that some Catholics here tend almost to downplay Divine Revelation and, I might add, the role of the Church and the Magisterium.

There is reflective a lot more natural theology on this site than Catholic theology. We do see a moral arc to the universe, do we not? I am somewhat confused by book of essay your reference to reflective format, the universe. I certainly don't see a moral arc to the universe. Are you speaking of the human race? I would not know how to begin measuring the morality of the howard, human race over the past several thousand years. From the viewpoint of Christianity, I am not at all sure Western democracy and capitalism constitute a high point in reflective essay, morality. Either that or our blind, indifferent universe has inadvertently led to this clear improvement, and continues to do so. Human culture is shaped by human beings, not by admission the universe.

I am certainly not downplaying divine revelation or the role of the Church and the Magisterium, and have no idea why you would think so. I answered your specific question about the OT. We seem to have a difference of opinion as to writing format, the moral progress made by humanity over book of essay the ages. I believe that there is a clear improvement in that regard, and reflective writing, I ascribed that to case in healthcare administration, those examples of causes that Christians would believe are at work. If we accept that, there would indeed be a noticeable difference in our moral views as contrasted to the OT. Since for each individual human being, the end is either heaven or hell, why should moral development over reflective essay writing time for the entire human race be of any significance?

I suppose if we imagine life after death to shame essay, be the resurrection of the dead and continued life on reflective earth, then there might be some point in continued moral progress, in that those who come along late in the lifetime of humanity would be better equipped to organize a post-resurrection society. But I would expect the case in healthcare, more reasonable idea would be that at the resurrection of the dead, all will be enlightened in some way, so that our distant human ancestors and our distant descendants will be equals. Of course, any ideas about life after death are purely speculative. Thomas Sowell's book, Conflict of Visions, spells out the claim that there are basically two competing visions. One vision is reflective format based on the denial of original sin, so man's potential is shame movie unlimited, the Unconstrained Vision. Reflective Format. The Constrained vision accepts original sin and believes that man's potential is limited due to shame movie, the wounds of original sin. It's not fool-proof since you, David, normally deny original sin but seem to be more aligning with the reflective format, constrained vision. Maybe hell is empty. Admission Essay. Maybe we get graded on a curve.

So we just need to maintain a good GPA = God Prayer Average ? I am sorry to hear about that experience, Doug. Thank you, but I do have this satisfaction: Life handed me a bushel of lemons, and writing format, I've managed to make some darned good lemonade. That sense you have of justice after death, another life - why do you think so many of us have that? Where does it come from? Does it have any evolutionary benefit? Or is it a call from somewhere, a call to come home? I'm aware of no proof that it can't be a call to come home. I don't think there is an evolutionary benefit in the belief itself. For one thing, it seems many societies have had no such belief. Great Statements Essay. If it were a product of evolution, it would likely be more universal.

I do believe, though, that our brains were wired to perform certain logical shortcuts in forming beliefs in order to make quick decisions in situations that didn't allow time for gathering all relevant facts and subjecting them to rigorous scientific analysis. Those decisions didn't have to always be correct in essay, order to keep us alive. They had to be correct just often enough to make survival more likely than death. And in other situations, where survival was not even an issue, correctness was simply beside the research for thesis, point as far as natural selection was concerned. Just like our wishes do not create reality, so should we also be careful in not being numb to those wishes. They may be trying to tell us something.

I agree that it would be silly to essay writing format, treat our desires as epistemologically irrelevant. Of course it cannot be a proof proper. Then it would be very much a demand, would it not? Then it would be very much a demand, would it not? So what if it was, as long as I could freely choose to ignore it? Do you think that proof of anything at all is a violation of your free will, or only proofs of in healthcare religious doctrines? Proof of God, in the mathematical sense, could indeed compromise free will, it could compel us rather than entice us. But it could also have other negative consequences. If God was a mathematical certainty, how many people would stick around down here and not hasten the writing format, meeting with God? Proof of God, in the mathematical sense, could indeed compromise free will. That doesn't answer my question.

Is it only shame movie essay, your religious beliefs for which proof would compromise your free will? If God was a mathematical certainty, how many people would stick around down here and not hasten the meeting with God? That would depend, I should think, on whether they were also given proof that hastening their deaths would result in essay format, their going to hell. My religious beliefs deal with some pretty big issues, mainly life after death as far as this discussion is concerned. Proof in other spheres of book of essay life does tend to limit one's free will, obviously in reflective writing format, a much more mundane, even irrelevant sense.

Proof that smoking harms me effectively takes away that choice, proof that my son did a stupid thing binds me to fix the problem. But all of these are trivial examples, people differ in their responses to such real or imagined proof. True and real proof of God's existence falls in a completely different category. It is so different from anything else that any comparisons are meaningless. As to book of essay, the effects of such sure knowledge of writing format God, I still believe that God HAS to be hidden, has to be a hint, an studies invitation. Sure knowledge would lead to chaotic consequences. People would be overwhelmed by those consequences. Proof in other spheres of life does tend to essay writing, limit one's free will, obviously in a much more mundane, even irrelevant sense. I agree in a way. If I perceive that something has been proved, I cannot disbelieve by a mere act of will. But I also can't see a reason I should wish I could.

As far as I can figure out, it cannot be in my best interest to believe anything that is contrary to fact. But that is case exactly why it seems reasonable to me to always seek the truth in good faith, regardless of what I might wish the truth were. True and real proof of God's existence falls in a completely different category. I know that we both seek truth, with different current assessments. The existence of God is, in my view, the ultimate mystery, the reflective writing, biggest question we can ask, regardless of our answer.

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Reflective Essay Examples

a critcal essay Hello, my name is reflective essay format, Robin Banerjee and book of essay, I'm a senior lecturer in the Department of Psychology at the University of writing format, Sussex. I teach many first year, second year and third year students so if you come into the Psychology department I'm sure I'll see lots of you while you're here. Today I'm going to be talking a little bit about guidelines for writing essays. Now I'm sure that when you've got essays to studies in healthcare administration write you'll find lots of different instructions to reflective essay format follow for the different assignments that you've got, and of course you'll have to pay attention to them. But what I'm going to give you today are some helpful guidelines which I hope will be useful to you as you set about the task of essay, writing an reflective essay format, essay. 1. Come up with a clear line of argument.

Well, my first guideline for writing an essay is to make sure that you have a clear line of argument. If the essay title is in the form of a question -- this might seem obvious -- answer the question. Although it seems like an obvious point, I've read many essays where student simply don't answer the question. They'll talk about lots of things that relate to the question but they don't actually give you an great, answer to the question. So if the title is in the form of a question, make sure you answer the question. And even if the essay title isn't in the form of a question, make sure that you have something clear that you want to say. Don't just talk in general terms about the subject area. Make sure you have a clear point that you want to communicate in your essay. 2. Make it clear where you are going. All right, so my second major guideline for format writing an howard, essay is to make it clear where you are going.

The reader needs to know what you're saying and essay writing, needs to be aware of the statements essay path that you are taking in the essay. So don't wait until the very end of the writing format essay to methodology reveal the main point that you're trying to communicate. As I've said before the most important thing in an essay is to come up with a clear line of writing format, argument and it's important to shame essay tell the reader about that right at the beginning. Reflective. So set out your plan for the essay at the outset and then use the rest of the essay to actually build up your argument. Use examples and evidence to support the book of essay points that you're making.

Don't run through a whole range of different examples and pieces of evidence and theories and then at the end say the writing point that you want to make about it. Make the point first and then use the book of essay evidence to support it. Writing. Express your key points in howard essay, complete sentences. My third guideline for writing an essay is to use a plan. Once you've done all your reading, once you've done all your research you need to step back from it and decide what you're going to say.

Come up with your main line of argument, but plan your essay before you launch into the actual writing of the reflective format essay. That means that you need to decide exactly what your key points are. So you need a logical sequence of statements, key points that actually build up your argument. Reflective Writing Format. It's really important when you've arrived at your key points, it's really important to express them in complete sentences. In Healthcare Administration. One of the mistakes that I often see students doing, and one of the things that makes plans a bit problematic for a lot of students, is that when they're coming up with their outline for their essay they just have a list of subject headings: First I'm going to be talking about this, then I'm going to be talking about that, and then last of all I'm going to talk about that.

And actually that's not a very good plan, because when you go down to write something you don't know what you're going to say. You know what you're going to talk about, but you don't know what you're going to say about it. So the most important thing about the plan is to reflective writing format decide what your main points are and to express them in complete sentences -- not just what are you going to admission essay talk about but what are you going to say about it? Once you've got that sequence of key points expressed in complete sentences you should have a pretty good summary of essay format, your essay. And that should be able to stand alone as an answer to your essay question. Once you've decided on honours thesis, your sequence of key points, then you can start to flesh out essay writing, your plan by listing the evidence that you're going to include for each key point. What examples are you going to draw on?

What pieces of evidence or empirical work or theoretical work are you going to use to actually support each of those key points? Once you've actually done that you've got a really good framework for writing your essay: you know what your main argument is, you know what each key point is that you're going to use to support that argument, and in turn you know what key bits of evidence or examples or theories you're going to use to make each of those key points. Review your choice of thesis, key points and evidence. One final point about the plans. If you look at your plan and you find that you've got nine, ten or even more key points then think again about whether they really need to stand separate from writing format, each other as different points. Research Methodology For Thesis. In an essay, and even in longer essays like 4,000 word essays, you'll usually only need to have a handful of key points. Remember the main objective is to support the essay writing format main line of statements, argument that you want to present to the reader. Reflective Writing Format. That doesn't mean that you have to cover absolutely everything that you've read. Research For Thesis. It may be the case that there will be material that you've read that really isn't relevant to reflective essay writing the point that you want to make in this essay - so decide what the best pieces of methodology for thesis, evidence are to support the points that you actually want to make in this essay. 4. Ask someone else to read you essay. My next guideline for reflective format writing an essay is to make sure that you give it to shame someone else to format read.

It's really important to get a second opinion on your essay and sometimes when you've been working on an essay for a long time it can be really hard to adopt a fresh objective stance and research methodology for thesis, look at your essay. So find someone, maybe a friend that you can bribe to read your essay, maybe a family member, long suffering flat mates - whoever you can. Get someone else to read the essay and to try and extract the reflective writing format main points. If you've done your job well -- if you started out with a good plan, with the key points expressed in complete sentences, and you based your essay on that plan -- then when you give that essay to great statements essay someone else to essay writing format read and book of essay, you ask them, ‘Can you pull out the essay writing main points from this essay?', their extracted main points should look very similar to the main points that you had in your plan. Research Methodology For Thesis. So that would be a good sign that you've accomplished what you wanted to accomplish in the essay. OK, my final guideline for writing an essay concerns originality. You'll probably see in most of the assessment criteria for essays in different subjects across the university that originality is one of the markers of first class essays.

Can you show originality and flair in the way that you write your essay? Well, a lot of students often ask, ‘What do I do to show originality in an essay? Do I just say what my opinion is about the subject matter?' Well, partly -- but it's not just a matter of expressing your personal opinion without justification or rationale. Essay Writing Format. Originality in an academic essay is all about the way that you interrogate the material in front of you and the way that you put the material together. Book Of Essay. So, regarding the first of those points, if you are dealing with evidence, examples, theories, other people's writing - question it, adopt a critical standpoint, evaluate it, don't just accept it at face value. Regarding the second point -- about how you put ideas together and reflective, how you put your points and great statements essay, evidence together in your essay -- that's a really important opportunity to show your originality. It's not so much about reflective format, waiting until you get to the end of the essay and then coming up with - ‘well I think . Research Methodology For Thesis. blah blah blah..' But it's about how you put the argument together.

That's where you can really show your originality. Have you taken these theories, these different bits of evidence, the different readings that you've done, have you put them together in an interesting and innovative way to answer the question? That's how a student shows originality in an essay! The different stages you need to go through to write an excellent critical essay: De-code the essay title Plan your essay Research your subject Structure your esssay Develop your argument and introduce counter-arguments Use relevant evidence Develop your academic writing style Find out how to present your work. Good critical essay writing is shaped by effective planning, always improved by drafting and polished by editing and proofreading . One mistake students often make with an essay is to reflective writing format start writing too soon. There is research and thinking to do first and putting words on the page is only part of the task. Another big mistake is to try and write an essay at admission the last minute.

You will lose marks if it doesn’t flow well, words are spelled wrong or your punctuation is sloppy because you didn’t allow time for essay writing editing and proofreading. Book Of Essay. Your tutor wants an essay that: answers the question shows you have read widely demonstrates you have evaluated the evidence proves you understand the question has a clear argument is well structured and writing format, organised contains relevant information to support your argument uses consistent and accurate referencing conforms to academic style and is easy to anu physics thesis read is professionally presented is grammatically correct has been proofread for mistakes. The word critical can seem negative it is essay writing, associated with condemning, disparaging, judging or finding fault. But a critical essay is positive: it evaluates, analyses, interprets and explains.

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How to Write a Reflective Essay: Format, Structure, and …

Famous Mathematicians Essays and Research Papers. ?Archimedes The greatest mathematicians of ancient era, Archimedes made phenomenal contribution in the field of writing mathematics. His works include . integral calculus studies and finding various computation techniques to shame essay, determine volume and reflective essay, area of several shapes including the conic section. Euclid Euclid, the 'father of Geometry', wrote the book ,Euclid's Elements, that is opening statements essay, considered to be the greatest piece of historical works in mathematics. The book is divided into 13 parts and in it, Euclid. Emmy Noether , Geometry , Isaac Newton 1058 Words | 4 Pages. India Is a Country of Farmers, Write Down the Importance of Farmers Along with Images Related with That. Facebook * Pinterest HUMANS Top 10 Greatest Mathematicians M. R. SEXTON DECEMBER 7, 2010 Often called the language of the reflective essay writing universe, . mathematics is fundamental to our understanding of the world and, as such, is vitally important in a modern society such as ours. Everywhere you look it is likely mathematics has made an impact, from the faucet in your kitchen to the satellite that beams your television programs to your home. As such, great mathematicians are undoubtedly going to rise above the book of essay rest. Carl Friedrich Gauss , Geometry , Leonhard Euler 2124 Words | 7 Pages.

? Biography of a Mathematician MTH/110 October 28, 2013 Michael Gray Biography of a Mathematician Archimedes, . one of the greatest mathematicians , engineers, physicist, inventors, and astronomer's in history. Ranked with the essay likes of Isaac Newton and Carl Gauss, Archimedes contributions to math include the area of geometry, number theory, algebra, and theorems of plane. Birth Archimedes was born in Syracuse, Greece on the island of Sicily in studies, 287 BC. Essay. Son of anu physics honours thesis Pheidias, a well-known. Archimedes , Archimedes' screw , Carl Friedrich Gauss 824 Words | 3 Pages. 2012-The Year of Mathematics P.Bhattacharyya [pic] [pic] (GH Hardy , Ramanujan and . Littlewood) The great Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan was born on the 22nd of December 1887 in Erode, Tamilnadu. In a function held in the Centenary Hall of Madras University on reflective format, the 26th of December 2011 marking the book of essay 125th birth anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan, the Prime Minister of writing format India Dr. Manmohan Singh proclaimed: “Our. 1729 , G. H. Hardy , Mathematician 2107 Words | 7 Pages.

Sirinivasa RamanujanbornDecember 22 1887ErodeIndiadiedApril 26 1920KumbakonamIndian. ?Sirinivasa Ramanujan, (born December 22, 1887, Erode, India—died April 26, 1920, Kumbakonam), Indian mathematician whose contributions to . the theory of numbers include pioneering discoveries of the opening statements properties of the partition function. When he was 15 years old, he obtained a copy of writing George Shoobridge Carr’s Synopsis of Elementary Results in book of essay, Pure and format, Applied Mathematics, 2 vol. (1880–86). This collection of some 6,000 theorems (none of the material was newer than 1860) aroused his genius. Having. G. H. Hardy , Mathematician , Mathematics 740 Words | 4 Pages. Mathematical Connection Project University of case administration Phoenix MTH 110 The Impact of reflective Mathematics on Daily Social Activities In society today . people deal with some kind of book of essay problem solving method that involves math. Reflective Writing Format. Thanks to the mathematicians from the past and present we are able to evolve as a society with advancements on research methodology for thesis, medicine, technology and able to reflective essay writing, travel into space. Great Opening. The impact that Euclid, Al-Khwarizmi, Rudolf Laban, William Higinbotham, Galileo Galilei have had in. Algebra , Euclid , Euclid's Elements 1749 Words | 5 Pages. Mathematics, Science, and Society Hypatia of Alexandria Hypatia is a famous scholar from ancient Egypt.

To this day, she is reflective essay, still the administration . only famous mathematician from ancient times. She wrote many books on mathematical and philosophical concepts and became a great teacher. Hypatia is the first woman known to be able to reflective essay writing format, analyze and teach highly advanced mathematics. She is still considered the only famous female mathematician even though all of shame essay her work is either lost or destroyed. Hypatia was. Alexandria , Ancient Egypt , Euclid 926 Words | 3 Pages. The Man Who Knew Infinity: a Review. if you were never finished” and the “number of nested square roots was infinite”? Infinity was like a mystical realm that none wanted to approach. The unseen . or unknown, are not the topic of conversation among intellectuals such as science and mathematicians . Throughout history it has been shown that those bright men who wanted to dwell deeper into the “unseen” aspects of our world, have never fared well in society. Columbus himself was laughed at and made fun of for his “ludicrous” idea that the.

Brahmin , Caste system in India , Hinduism 1136 Words | 3 Pages. Sophie Germain Sophie Germain was a mathematician , who posed herself as a man because young women were not supposed to be taught math. Reflective Format. . Sophie Germain was born in Paris, France on movie essay, April 1, 1776 to Ambroise-Francios Germain and Marie-Madeleine Germain (Lewis). She had one older sister and essay writing format, one younger sister. Sophie Germain full name is anu physics honours, Marie-Sophie Germain. She changed her name to Sophie because in essay writing format, her family her older sister and book of essay, her mother both had Marie has their first name.

At the age of thirteen. Carl Friedrich Gauss , Fermat's Last Theorem , Mathematician 1217 Words | 3 Pages. others on hypergeometric series. Ramanujan's own work on partial sums and products of hypergeometric series have led to major development in the topic. Reflective Essay. His . most famous work was on the number p(n) of partitions of an integer n into summands. Methodology For Thesis. Srinivasa Ramanujan was a mathematician par excellence. He is widely believed to reflective format, be the greatest mathematician of the 20th Century.

Srinivasa Ramanujan made significant contribution to the analytical theory of numbers and worked on elliptic functions, continued fractions. Chennai , G. H. Hardy , Mathematician 1674 Words | 5 Pages. Archimedes was among the greatest mathematicians of antiquity. Great Statements. Mathematicians usually cover a breadth of topics within . mathematics in their undergraduate education, and then proceed to specialize in topics of writing format their own choice at the graduate-level. In some universities, a qualifying exam serves to test both the breadth and depth of a student's understanding of mathematics; the students who pass are permitted to work on a doctoral dissertation. A mathematician is a person with an extensive knowledge of mathematics who.

Abel Prize , Carl Friedrich Gauss , Fields Medal 1570 Words | 5 Pages. Argumentative Synthesis: the studies Curse of Being Famous. celebrity culture. In fact, being famous is a target hunted by an enormously large portion of the population. If you think about it, who . wouldn’t want to be insanely rich?

Who wouldn’t want to essay format, be the center of attention? We have this idea that being famous is great opening, having an idyllic life in which you get whatever you want, you go wherever you want and see whoever you feel like seeing. Put in other words, for us “originals” or should I say “non- famous ” people, being famous is reflective writing, like the seventh heaven, a joyful. Actor , Celebrities , Celebrity 1395 Words | 4 Pages. based on biographies (and biographies about Ramanujan are a-plenty) I will be analyzing letters he wrote. These letters have been stored in the National . Archives in Delhi, the Archives of the State of Tamil Nadu, and in collections of various mathematicians with whom Ramanujan corresponded. They were compiled by Bruce Berndt and Robert Rankin in their book Ramanujan, Letters and honours, Commentary. I believe these letters will give me a “first source” not only essay pertaining to Ramanujan’s life but also a more. G. H. Hardy , Mathematician , Mathematics 1670 Words | 5 Pages. thank the great mathematicians for this essential tool.

Mathematics has been used in various professions and academic fields. Undoubtedly, . there have been many men of anu physics thesis old that have contributed to the science of mathematics, but what really captivates our interest, are the ones who were passionate – who dedicated their lives to reflective, the study of mathematics; the originators of various fields of mathematics who displayed remarkable work. I have narrowed the list of the top three mathematicians who I have deemed. Blaise Pascal , Combinatorics , Geometry 1062 Words | 3 Pages. ? FAMOUS AMOS SWOT Analysis Strengths Weaknesses Sound financial records No. 1 brand in cookies segment Superior quality product . Employee management Product pricing Marketing skills(promotion) Negative publicity Opportunities Threats Extend supplier range Expansion to emerging economies Increase product offerings Expansion of opening essay retail operations Trademark infringements Increased competition from local cafes and specialization of other coffeehouse chains Saturated markets in. Chocolate , Chocolate chip , Chocolate chip cookie 767 Words | 4 Pages. The Importance of Mathematics to Everyday Life. core of brilliant or good mathematicians which helps to reflective essay, reinforce the perception that this area of study is only reserved for an elitist few. . Mathematician T. Shame Movie. Rogers in one of format his lectures notes: “The percentage of the world’s population, or even of the world’s university-educated population, who could accurately state a single mathematical theorem proved in the last fifty years is great essay, small, and smaller still if Fermat’s last theorem is excluded. If you ask a mathematician to explain what he or she.

Education , Mathematician , Mathematics 790 Words | 3 Pages. ease. She soon rose to reflective essay, prominence for her adept calculations and her confident demeanor. According to many sources, this famous prodigy met . Albert Einstein and even he was taken aback by this acclaimed genius' skills. She was able to answer all of his challenging mathematical problems, prompting him to admission essay, call her a Mathematical Wizard. Apart from being an unparalleled mathematician , Devi was also an astrologer, activist and a prolific writer, whose works went on to inspire millions of people. Some of. Child prodigy , Cube root , Guinness World Records 1709 Words | 6 Pages. poem, Astronomer, in Is There an Indian Way of Thinking? (1990). He says that this poem is about his father, Srinivas Ramanujan, who was a . famous mathematician . He descibes his father: He was a mathematician , an astronomer. But he was also a Sanskrit scholar, an expert astrologer.

He had two kinds of visitors: American and English mathematicians who called on him when they were on a visit to India, and reflective essay writing, local astrologers, orthodox pundits who wore splendid gold-embroidered shawls dowered. 1959 in poetry , English language , India 2134 Words | 6 Pages. Prominent African-American Mathematicians. Prominent African-American Mathematicians Wendy A. Tillman Florida Technical College Jesse Ernest Wilkins, Jr. . exemplifies and is addressed as one of America’s admirable unorthodox mathematicians . He was portrayed as the University of Chicago’s youngest student at the tender age of thirteen. Opening. Wilkins proceeded to his education there, earning his bachelor, master and doctorate degrees in essay writing format, mathematics. When he finished his Ph.D. at 19, he was recognized by methodology for thesis the national press.

Academic degree , American mathematicians , Doctor of Philosophy 871 Words | 3 Pages. Contribution of reflective writing format India in Mathematics. decimal system uses nine digits (1 to book of essay, 9) and the symbol zero (for nothing) to essay format, denote all natural numbers by case studies in healthcare administration assigning a place value to the digits. The Arabs . carried this system to Africa and Europe. 1) Aryabhata is the first well known Indian mathematician . Born in Kerala, he completed his studies at the university of Nalanda. In the section Ganita (calculations) of writing his astronomical treatise Aryabhatiya, he made the fundamental advance in finding the lengths of chords of circles, by howard using the half. Arithmetic , Indian mathematicians , Indian mathematics 863 Words | 3 Pages. The efforts of five women known as the Famous Five has had a lasting effect on the rights of women in reflective, Canada to this day. These women, all . from Alberta, were Emily Murphy, Nellie McClung, Louise McKinney, Irene Parlby and Henrietta Muir Edwards. Case Studies In Healthcare. Emily Murphy pressured the Alberta government into passing the “Dower Act’ which protected a wife’s right to one-third (?) share of writing format her husband’s property. Nellie McClung was very active with organizations and was involved in politics from research methodology for thesis 1914 to writing format, 1926.

Canada , Emily Murphy , Louise McKinney 2417 Words | 6 Pages. studies with Leibniz (Emilie). She then moved on studies in healthcare, to Newton. Algebraical Commentary was added to Newton's' book of writing format principles of the mathematics. She also . rewrote the book in French. She then studied under Pierre Louis de Maupertuis, a leading mathematicians and astronomers of the day. Maupertuis and Voltaire tried to book of essay, get the French to move away from the Descartes and reflective essay format, towards the ideas of Newton. The only problem with them moving to the new idea is honours, that Newton's work was not in reflective writing, French so the French. Calculus , Carl Friedrich Gauss , Fermat's Last Theorem 1592 Words | 4 Pages. It is one of the most romantic stories in the history of mathematics: in 1913, the English mathematician G. H. Administration. Hardy received a strange letter . from an unknown clerk in essay writing format, Madras, India.

The ten-page letter contained about 120 statements of theorems on infinite series, improper integrals, continued fractions, and number theory (Here is a .dvi file with a sample of these results). Every prominent mathematician gets letters from in healthcare administration cranks, and at first glance Hardy no doubt put this letter in that class. G. H. Hardy , John Edensor Littlewood , Mathematician 969 Words | 3 Pages. Are Famous People Treated Unfairly by the Media? Should They Be Given More Privacy, or Is the Price of Their Fame an Invasion Into Their Private Lives? Are famous people treated unfairly by the media? Should they be given more privacy, or is the price of their fame an invasion into their . private lives? Many girls want to be as beautiful as Paris Hilton and reflective format, many boys want to be as popular as David Beckham. Who doesn’t want to be a celebrity?

They have all the things that common people can dream of, fans, designer clothes, luxurious cars, and the list goes on. Their lavish style of living keeps them in the eye of public and media. As a result. Actor , Celebrities , Celebrity 821 Words | 3 Pages. Sophie Germain: Secret Mathematician. Secret Mathematician : Sophie Germain Please Don't Copy This Exactly! For Information Only. Sophie Germain, born to wealthy parents and . coming of age during the French Revolution turned to methodology for thesis, the study of mathematics as a way to cure her boredom.

She quickly became a sneaky mathematician hiding her studies first from her parent’s and later from the mentors she most admired and respected. She had to reflective essay format, pose as a male to be taken seriously in shame essay, her studies. As Sophie grew older and fell in love with mathematics. Applied mathematics , Carl Friedrich Gauss , Mathematician 690 Words | 2 Pages. Almost Famous: Essay On Entertainment Criticism. 04 October 2000 Almost Famous : Essay on reflective essay format, Entertainment Criticism A rolling stone gathers no moss. Great Opening Statements Essay. If Cameron Crowe is to be believed, a . 15-year-old Rolling Stone writer will gather all kinds of things. Not the least of which are life experience, sexual exploits, and reflective format, rock and roll insights. Almost Famous is Crowe's semi-autobiographical account of a young man taking the howard admission fast lane to adulthood on the tour bus with a rising rock and roll band. The critics are almost unanimous in their praise of this. 2000 in film , Almost Famous , Cameron Crowe 2027 Words | 6 Pages.

Although there are many famous mathematicians that I do not know of, Maria Gaetana Agnesi is an important . mathematician of the Renaissance period. Born on May 16, 1718, Maria was the oldest of reflective essay twenty one. Methodology. “She was the reflective essay writing daughter of studies Pietro Agnesi who came from a wealthy family who made their money from reflective essay silk.”(O’Connor and Robertson) Recognized as a child prodigy, early, Maria’s father made sure to provide the finest tutors for his daughter. All of Maria’s tutors were men educated by the Church. Bologna , Curves , John Colson 833 Words | 3 Pages. ability was deciphering and understanding the intricacies of math. Although various cultures discouraged women mathematicians , these women were . able to research for thesis, re-define the essay standards for women in this field of study.

Hypatia of Alexandria was born in Roman Egypt and was the daughter of essay a teacher of mathematics, Theon of Alexandria. Hypatia studied with her father as well as with many other mathematicians . When she was older, she taught at the Neoplatonist school of philosophy. She wrote on format, mathematics, philosophy. Carl Friedrich Gauss , Differential equation , Fermat's Last Theorem 1695 Words | 5 Pages. Five On a Treasure Island Review by Keith Robinson (June 15, 2005) Ah, the Famous Five! In this first book, we open with Julian, Dick and . Anne at home with their parents, chatting around the breakfast table. Julian asks his mother if they're going to Polseath as usual for the summer holidays—but to the childrens' surprise their parents have decided they want to go away on their own to Scotland.

The children must go to stay with their Aunt Fanny and Uncle Quentin, down by the sea at Kirrin Bay. Enid Blyton , Ewan McGregor , Kirrin Island 1385 Words | 3 Pages. You’ll have to methodology, use your research skills! • Mathematicians Scavenger Hunt . Reflective Essay Writing Format. Use the following web sites to match the mathematicians with the fact about his/her life. Good luck. o http://www­­ history/BiogIndex.html o ************************************************ Write the howard admission essay letter of the mathematician in the space in front of the fact about his/her life. Writing. MATHEMATICIAN S FACTS A. Pythagoras _______ . 19th-century mathematicians , Abstract algebra , Carl Friedrich Gauss 217 Words | 2 Pages. color, pets, and etc. Research For Thesis. Find out where they grew up and essay, how it influenced their lives. Research. It is important to writing format, research about their family history.

You should look . to see if the great opening essay person has any famous siblings or relatives. Looking up family history was crucial for me because many believe that the only reason Paris is reflective essay, famous , is because of her family. Honours Thesis. Her family has been in the Hollywood scene for many years and her grandfather just happens to be a real-estate tycoon. Doing research about family history gives. Celebrity , Facebook , Famous for being famous 2041 Words | 5 Pages. that Bieber would chose to reflective essay writing, do drugs, they cut themselves in remorse. This is why teenagers should not idolize celebrities, as we neglect our studies, our . families, friends, and howard admission, personal well beings, because we are too invested in someone else’s famous life.

Children under the age of 13 are also idolizing celebrities, and because they are at such a young stage of their lives, it is crucial for reflective format them to research methodology, have a good role model to look up to. Children are only just grasping the concepts of ‘right. Actor , Celebrity , Famous for being famous 989 Words | 3 Pages. ?` Famous mathematician Amalie Emmy Noether The famous German mathematician that is not very well . know but is noticed for her contributions is Noether. Amalie Emmy Noether, named after her mother Ida Amalie; was born on March 23, 1882. Emmy died in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania during the essay format year of 1935. Emmy had four siblings but only book of essay two of them survived their childhood.

Her brother and father were both mathematicians . Noether never married because she was focused on math all the time. Reflective. Noether attended. Abstract algebra , Bryn Mawr College , David Hilbert 528 Words | 2 Pages. The Hero's Journey: an Analysis of Cameron Crowe's Film Almost Famous Using Joseph Campbell's Monomyth. The Hero's Journey: An Analysis of honours thesis Cameron Crowe's Film Almost Famous Using Joseph Campbell's Monomyth an analysis of Almost . Famous (2000) Almost Famous (2000) is a dramatization of writer/director Cameron Crowe's real-life experiences as a teenage rock reporter for Rolling Stone. Based on thinly-veiled autobiographical material from the precocious beginnings of format Crowe's early career, the screenplay shapes sentimental memories into movie magic.

But how did Crowe give his own coming-of-age. Almost Famous , Cameron Crowe , Hero 1448 Words | 4 Pages. Eugene Charles Catalan The first mathematician I will be writing about is Eugene Charles Catalan. I picked him, because he is book of essay, one of the . top 100 most known mathematicians in the world. Reflective Essay. Eugene Catalan, was born in research, Bruges or more commonly known as Belgium, on May 30, 1814. He traveled to reflective, Paris where he pursued his mathematical dreams. Later on in 1841, he received his degree in mathematics.

Eugene Catalan studied mathematics and design in a university located in Paris. Eventually, he became. 19th-century mathematicians , Elena Cornaro Piscopia , Eugene Charles Catalan 1821 Words | 5 Pages. The Work of Emmy Noether When an methodology for thesis, individual considers famous work from past mathematicians ’, men are generally the one’s that . come to mind. Of course Emmy Noether was not a man, but proved that women can do the same work as men and excel in the same areas. Reflective Writing Format. During Noether’s era, she faced discrimination at the university level, but went on anu physics honours, to pursue her desires and to teach mathematics. Noether was born on essay format, March 23, 1882 as Amalie Emmy Noether in Germany, but went by for thesis the name of reflective essay writing format Emmy.

Noether. Bryn Mawr College , David Hilbert , Emmy Noether 502 Words | 2 Pages. Uncle Petros Goldbach’s Conjecture review. mathematics. For Thesis. But, before the writing start of his interest of mathematics, he loved writing books and directing, translating for book of essay the theater. His works are published . in Greek then translated into reflective writing, many different languages due to shame movie essay, the fact he was a popular mathematician writer. He went to Columbia University in New York when he was only 15 and graduated from Applied Mathematics at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes i0 n Paris and reflective essay writing format, incorporated mathematical models for research the nervous system. Reflective Essay. His book, “Uncle Petros.

Apostolos Doxiadis , David Hilbert , Hilbert's problems 815 Words | 2 Pages. her shoes so she could study math at book of essay night. Sonya Kovalevsky 2. He was a Greek mathematician whose school got burned down. Reflective Format. Pythagorus 3. He was . a Greek mathematician known for shouting “Eureka!” in his bathtub. Archimedes 4. Her bedroom wall was covered with calculus notes. Sonya Kovalevsky 5. This German mathematician was a smart child who went to college at research methodology for thesis age 14. Johann Carl Gauss 6. He was an English mathematician who was born on essay writing format, Christmas Day.

Isaac Newton 7. He dropped different weight balls. Algebraic geometry , Calculus , David Hilbert 2323 Words | 9 Pages. Srinivasa Ramanujan Iyengar Loftus – 3A Srinivasa Ramanujan Iyengar was one of the greatest mathematicians in history. Great Opening Statements. He was born in . Reflective. Erode, Tamil Nadu state, India and went to anu physics honours thesis, college, but dropped out because he was not focused on reflective, anything academic besides mathematics. On the bright side, a clerk in Madras, India sent a letter to an English mathematician named G. H. Hardy in England showing 120 statements of theorems on infinite series, improper integrals, continued fractions, and howard, number. G. H. Hardy , Mathematician , Mathematics 426 Words | 2 Pages. met with modest success when the Indian mathematician Ram Chandra Rao provided him with first a modest subsidy, and later a clerkship at essay writing format the . Madras Port Trust. During this period Ramanujan had his first paper published a 17-page work on howard admission, Bernoulli numbers that appeared in 1911 in the Journal of the reflective writing format Indian Mathematical Society. Still no one was quite sure if Ramanujan was a real genius or a crank.

With the encouragement of friends, he wrote to mathematicians in Cambridge seeking validation of his work. G. Research Methodology. H. Hardy , Mathematician , Mathematics 581 Words | 2 Pages. History of Mathematics Probability. Gambling was popular and writing, fashionable ! Not restricted by law ! As the book of essay games became more complicated and the stakes became larger there was a need . for mathematical methods for computing chances.History of Probability 3 Enter the essay Mathematicians ! A well-known gambler, the anu physics thesis chevalier De Mere consulted Blaise Pascal in Paris about a some questions about reflective writing, some games of chance. ! Pascal began to correspond with his friend Pierre Fermat about these problems.History of essay Probability. Blaise Pascal , French mathematicians , Pierre de Fermat 571 Words | 3 Pages. group. The band toured Georgia and developed into the Famous Flames, a black music revue in essay, which all members had at least to play two . instruments and to act as dancers and singers. In 1956, James Brown took over the direction of the Famous Flames which consisted of Keels and movie essay, Scott, but also Johnny Terry and Nashpendle Knox (both vocals), Wilbert Smith and Ray Felder (both saxophone), Clarence Mack (bass) and Edison Gore (drums). The Famous Flames caught the attention of King Records and, in April. Bobby Byrd , Fred Wesley , I Got You 1616 Words | 5 Pages. A mathematician is a person whose primary area study is the field of mathematics.

Mathematicians are concerned with logic, space, . transformations, numbers and more general ideas which encompass these concepts. Some notable mathematicians include Archimedes of Syracuse, Leonhard Paul Euler, Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss, Johann Bernoulli, Jacob Bernoulli, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann, Gottfried Leibniz, Euclid of Alexandria, Jules Henri Poincare, Srinivasa Ramanujan. Archimedes , Mathematician , Mathematics 28912 Words | 85 Pages. that Hal’s opinion matters a lot to Catherine, and that Catherine is beginning to have feelings for Hal. Catherine and Hal exchanges words at writing the party, and . Case Studies In Healthcare. Catherine reveals her intelligence to Hal when they begin discussing about the famous female mathematician , Sophie Germaine. Writing. Here, Catherine is revealing that she is, in fact, very intelligent – hinting at her inheritance to her father’s intellectual mind. Meanwhile, Clair at the party, is shown drinking and book of essay, socializing- the reflective essay writing complete opposite. Decision making , Emotion , Feeling 484 Words | 2 Pages. Abigail Thompson Gabrielle Roseberry September 7, 2010 4th period Professor Abigail Thompson is one of the many female mathematicians . Thesis. around.

With a B.A. received from Wellesley College in 1979 and a PhD received from Rutgers University in reflective, 1986, she now studies combinational methods in 3-dimensional manifolds or topology. Methodology. Topology is the study of writing how geometric objects are basically connected to themselves. Her contributions to shame movie, the world of reflective format mathematics obtain a number of new classifications. Calculus , Geometry , Homeomorphism 335 Words | 2 Pages. teacher about the concept of infinity. A concept that had baffled mathematicians for centuries, until the anu physics honours Indian scientist Bhaskara had . provided some light.

He had proved that zero divided by zero nor one, but infinity. The student was Srinivasa Ramanujan, the reflective format genius who introduced the concept of zero to the world. LIFE OF SRINIVASA RAMANUJAN Srinivasa Iyengar Ramanujan, popularly known as S. Ramanujan was a great mathematician from India. He was born December 22, 1887 in Erode, Madras Presidency. G. H. Hardy , Mathematician , Number theory 2705 Words | 9 Pages. The Famous Mathematicians: Facts and Information. Srinivasa Ramanujan Famous As: Mathematician Nationality: Indian Born On: 22 December 1887 AD Born In: Erode . Essay. Died On: 26 April 1920 AD Place Of Death: Chetput Education: Trinity College, Cambridge (1919–1920), University of Cambridge (1914–1919), University of Cambridge (1916), Government Arts College, Kumbakonam (1904–1906), Town Higher Secondary School (1904), Pachaiyappa's College, University of Works amp; Achievements: Ramanujan constant, Ramanujan prime, Ramanujan. Calculus , Euclid's Elements , Geometry 1133 Words | 4 Pages. mangled body to a place. Archimides (287-212 B.C.) Died: BC 212 Cause of Death: Assassination, Murder . Archimedes is reflective essay writing, universally acknowledged to be the greatest of ancient mathematicians . He studied at Euclid's school (probably after Euclid's death), but his work far surpassed the great essay works of format Euclid. His achievements are particularly impressive given the lack of good mathematical notation in his day.

His proofs are noted not only. Carl Friedrich Gauss , Fundamental theorem of algebra , Geometry 367 Words | 2 Pages. the angles. Book Of Essay. In the reflective essay writing First paragraph I would like to explain the main history of trigonometry and also go into detail about the case in healthcare certain aspects of the . mathematic branch. In the Second paragraph I will explain details on reflective essay writing format, 4 of the great trigonometry mathematicians who discovered information about trigonometry, as well as improved existing theories as well. Admission. In the Third paragraph I would like to explain how these theories and techniques are applied today by essay writing format various corporate companies. The improvement of.

Babylonian astronomy , Distance , Mathematician 511 Words | 2 Pages. India to a poor family in Erode, a city in studies administration, Madras state. His father was a clerk and his mother a deeply religious housewife. None of essay format these facts reflect who . Ramanujan really was. He was a brilliant, self-taught mathematician whose ideas caught the attention of some of the prolific mathematicians of his time to include G.H.

Hardy. In this short biography we will cover both his life and his contributions to mathematics. Howard. As stated earlier, he was born in south India to a poor family but they were still. G. Reflective Essay. H. Hardy , Integer , Mathematician 683 Words | 2 Pages. 1. Executive Summary Famous Amos is one of the most recognizable cookie brands in the world and shame movie, its products are positioned as premium . quality. Initiated by Wally Amos in 1975, the reflective format brand currently belongs to the Kellogg Company and book of essay, is available in most parts of the world. Reflective Format. However, it remains alien to China and shame, this report is dedicated to Famous Amos’ entry into Shanghai.

Its products include bite-sized chocolate cookies, sandwiched cookies and muffins that come in various flavors. Apart from. China , Economy of the People's Republic of China , Famous Amos 12774 Words | 42 Pages. Srinivasa Ramanujan * Srinivasa Ramanujan was born 22 of December 1887 and died 26 of April 1920.he was a well know man for what he accomplish, in . life as a mathematician and many more things like, analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions. he’s nationality was from Indian , he’s residence was Kumbakonam, Tamil have the access to the larger mathematical community ,it was located in Europe at the time, there for essay writing he had to work on he’s own. Opening. Ramanujan began he’s mathematical. Erode , G. H. Hardy , Mathematician 450 Words | 2 Pages. Famous Mathematician: David Hilbert. ? David Hilbert was born around 1682 in Konigsberg in East Prussia, which comprised a section of Germany and modern day Kaliningrad Russia. His father was a . Reflective Essay Writing Format. judge and his mother an amateur mathematician . He became known because of the contribution he made in mathematics and physics in the twentieth century. Great Opening Essay. Hilbert is reflective essay format, well remembered for research for thesis landmark researches he conducted in algebra. He also left an indelible mark in axiomatic geometry and mathematics.

Hilbert also profoundly contributed in essay, other. Axiom , David Hilbert , Euclidean geometry 825 Words | 3 Pages. Women in Mathematics on Grace Chisholm Young and Mary Fairfax Somerville. belittling to children. Factors in which attributed to Young’s success in the mathematical profession are shown through biographies that indicate how . involved they were in partnership for their love of mathematics, they were both accomplished mathematicians and so William was a very supportive husband, and contributed to her many successes. Grace Chisholm Young and Mary Fairfax Somerville pursued professions within the mathematical field and both overcame the anu physics thesis prejudice and discouragement throughout. Girton College, Cambridge , Grace Chisholm Young , Laurence Chisholm Young 1899 Words | 5 Pages. attended the University of essay writing Toulouse before moving to Bordeaux in the second half of the anu physics thesis 1620s.

In Bordeaux he began his first serious mathematical researches . and in 1629 he gave a copy of essay format his restoration of Apollonius's Plane loci to opening, one of the mathematicians there. Certainly in Bordeaux he was in contact with Beaugrand and during this time he produced important work on reflective writing format, maxima and minima which he gave to Etienne d'Espagnet who clearly shared mathematical interests with Fermat. From Bordeaux Fermat. 17th-century mathematicians , Blaise Pascal , Diophantus 2443 Words | 6 Pages. Movie Review of Almost Famous In the research movie “Almost Famous ”, Cameron Crowe portrays the life of reflective writing a high-school boy named . William. William was more advanced than the other children.

He dreams of becoming a lawyer but little does he know, his life is about to change. William is given the opportunity to write a story for Rolling Stone Magazine. Great Essay. His task is to interview an up-and-coming rock band named StillWater as he accompanies it on their concert tour. He is presented with many challenges. 2000 in film , Almost Famous , Cameron Crowe 497 Words | 2 Pages.

Marketing analysis of Famous Amos (Singapore) was bought over in year 2001. Famous Amos offers cookies with nine varieties of flavours. It products also includes muffins and brownies. They . serve the consumer with its finest and freshly made cookies. Writing. They believe in making the chip for the future generation. Famous Amos Cookies are also recognised as the best chocolate chip cookies in the world. Their cookies also meet the needs and wants of the audience.

Famous Amos is also widely distributed in the island. Famous Amos targets audience are mainly. Chocolate , Chocolate chip , Chocolate chip cookie 3871 Words | 12 Pages. Comprehension 1. According to Daum, What does it mean to be famous ? According to Daum being famous means being unskilled, . untalented, and annoying. Great Statements Essay. 2. How does Daum define a celebrity? Daum defines a celebrity as someone who is easily recognized in the street and who has made an writing format, effort to become well known through his or her work and talent. 3. What does Daum mean in paragraph 7 when she says, “it’s pretty clear that it’s never been a worse time to great opening statements essay, be famous ”? I think Daum feels that being a celebrity now days. Academy Award for Best Actress , Celebrity , Famous for being famous 627 Words | 3 Pages. Greatest Mathematicians and reflective, Their Work. Ramanujam's lack of belief in his own abilities could have been described as part of his personality, but in 1964 he was struck with an illness which was . Book Of Essay. diagnosed as severe depression and schizophrenia. Again feeling totally inadequate as a research mathematician he applied for university teaching posts.

During 1964-65 I R Shafarevich visited the essay writing format Tata Institute and lectured on minimal models and birational transformations of two dimensional schemes. Ramanujam took notes at the lectures for book of essay publication and. 20th-century mathematicians , C. P. Ramanujam , David Mumford 11579 Words | 30 Pages. our predecessors' opportunities, especially if they were ‘respectable’ women, were nearly non-existent. Hypatia, however, defies all such qualifiers.” . Essay Writing Format. Hypatia's Accomplishments “Hypatia of case studies Alexandria was, simply, the last great Alexandrian mathematician and philosopher. She was the first woman to make a substantial contribution to the development of mathematics. By writing a commentary on The Conics of Apollonius of Perga which divided cones into writing format, sections by a plane, Hypatia made geometry intelligible.

Alexandria , Ancient Greek mathematicians , Cyril of Alexandria 1539 Words | 5 Pages.